Rosemarie B. Lichtner

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EGFR is a member of the tyrosine kinase family of cell surface receptors with a wide range of expression throughout development and in a variety of different cell types. The receptor can transmit signals to cells: i) upon interaction with ligands such as EGF, TGFα, amphiregulin or heparin binding EGF, ii) upon truncation or mutation of extracellular and/or(More)
In the highly metastatic rat mammary adenocarcinoma cell clone MTLn3, EGF induced increased adhesion to fibronectin while in the human epidermoid carcinoma cell line A431 EGF induced diminished adhesive properties. Flattening of cells with extensive formation of fllopodia was observed in MTLn3 cells within 5 min of EGF addition, while in A431 cells EGF(More)
Syndecan-1 (SDC-1), a protein found on cells and in the extracellular matrix, participates in cell proliferation, cell migration and cell-matrix interactions. SDC-1 expression correlates with the maintenance of epithelial morphology and inhibition of invasiveness. In the present study, a second SDC-1 mRNA isoform was identified and the expression of both(More)
Sagopilone (ZK-EPO) is the first fully synthetic epothilone undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of human tumors. Here, we investigate the cellular pathways by which sagopilone blocks tumor cell proliferation and compare the intracellular pharmacokinetics and the in vivo pharmacodynamics of sagopilone with other microtubule-stabilizing (or(More)
Two human cell lines were established from untreated squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Line 183 was derived from a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and 1483 from a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the retromolar trigone. Both lines grow in a cobblestone pattern demonstrating their epithelial heritage.(More)
The alpha 3 beta 1 integrin has been implicated as a receptor for several matrix components, including collagen, fibronectin, and laminins. The function of alpha 3 beta 1 seems to be very versatile involving cell adhesion to or migration on ECM, establishment of cell-cell contacts in aggregates, as well as linkage to intracellular tyrosine phosphorylation(More)
The activated oncogene c-Ha-ras induces expression of the surface glycoprotein CD44 in cloned rat embryonic fibroblasts (CREF). Induction is transcriptional as shown by transient cotransfections of c-Ha-ras expression constructs and CD44 promoter reporter gene constructs and depends on the presence of an AP-1 binding site at position -110. Increased(More)
Several inhibitors of EGF receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase activity have been developed that compete with ATP at its binding site such as the quinazolines PD 153035 and ZD 1839 or the 4,5-dianilino-phthalimides DAPH1 and DAPH2. When tested on human A431 cells, the quinazolines completely blocked EGF-induced receptor phosphorylation at 100 nM, whereas it was(More)
Epothilones are a new class of natural and potent antineoplastic agents that stabilize microtubules. Although 12,13-epoxide derivatives are potent antiproliferative agents, the activities of the corresponding 12,13-olefin analogs are significantly decreased. These data were confirmed for two new analogs, 6-propyl-EpoB (pEB) and 6-propyl-EpoD (pED), in(More)