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Ketamine is a widely used drug for its anesthetic and analgesic properties; it is also considered as a drug of abuse, as many cases of ketamine illegal consumption were reported. Ketamine is N-demethylated by liver microsomal cytochrome P450 into norketamine. The identification of the enzymes responsible for ketamine metabolism is of great importance in(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the performance of a bayesian program (PKS System, Abbott) for predicting midazolam concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters in intensive care patients by comparing the pharmacokinetic parameters estimated by PKS to those calculated according to rich data. The study involved 42 patients receiving midazolam infusion(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacokinetics of propofol in man is characterized by a rapid metabolic clearance linked to glucuronidation of the parent drug to form the propofol-glucuronide (PG) and sulfo- and glucuro-conjugation of hydroxylated metabolite via cytochrome P450 to produce three other conjugates. The purpose of this study was to assess the urine metabolite(More)
We developed an isocratic, selective, and very sensitive HPLC method for the determination of ketamine and its two main metabolites in plasma. The compounds were extracted from plasma by a liquid-liquid extraction with a dichloromethane:ethyl acetate mixture followed by an acidic back-extraction. Separation was achieved on a new stationary phase, Purospher(More)
In this anion-exchange "high-performance" liquid-chromatographic method of analysis for purine nucleotides, the nucleotides are separated with high efficiency and selectivity on a weak anion exchanger (Hypersil APS 2, 3-micron particle size) by elution with a gradient of eluent pH and concentration. Applying this method to analysis for these compounds in(More)
An in vitro screening model was developed to determine the reactivity of acyl glucuronide metabolites from carboxylic drugs. This assay is composed of two phases. The first is a phase of biosynthesis of acyl glucuronides by human liver microsomes (HLM). The second, during which acyl glucuronides are incubated with human serum albumin (HSA), consists of(More)
6-thioguanine (6-TGN) and methyl 6-mercaptopurine nucleotides (Me6-MPNs) are the two major metabolites found in erythrocytes after administration of azathioprine. In an attempt to understand the role of these metabolites in the pharmacologic and toxic activity of thiopurines, we have developed a HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of 6-TGNs and(More)
BACKGROUND Ketamine is used as an anaesthetic agent for short surgical procedures, and as a sedative and analgesic in intensive care patients. Intensive care patients with brain or spinal cord injury may have physiological changes that could alter the pharmacokinetics of ketamine. The pharmacokinetics of ketamine have been studied in healthy volunteers and(More)
This paper describes a HPLC method for the simultaneous detection of phase I (2,6-diisopropyl-1-4-quinol and 2,6-diisopropyl-1-4-quinone) and phase II (4-(2,6-diisopropyl-1-4-quinol)-sulphate, 1-(2,6-diisopropyl-1-4-quinol)-glucuronide, 4-(2,6-diisopropyl-1-4-quinol)-glucuronide, and propofol-glucuronide) metabolites of propofol in human urine samples.(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphic thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is a major determinant of thiopurine toxicity. METHODS We extracted 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6-TGNs) and 6-methylmercaptopurine nucleotides (6-MMPNs) from erythrocytes with perchloric acid and converted them to 6-thioguanine (6-TG) and a 6-methylmercaptopurine (6-MMP) derivative during a(More)