Roselyne Bidault

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Acyclovir is approved for the treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections in children by the intravenous and oral routes. However, its use by the oral route in children younger than 2 years of age is limited due to a lack of pharmacokinetic data. The objectives of the present study were to determine the typical(More)
The effects of probenecid and cimetidine on the pharmacokinetics of valaciclovir and its metabolite acyclovir have been investigated. Twelve healthy male volunteers participated in this open single-dose study with a four-way-crossover randomized and balanced design. At the first of four administrations, volunteers in four groups received 1 g of valaciclovir(More)
AIMS Lamotrigine, an antiepileptic drug, is cleared from the systemic circulation mainly by glucuronidation. The possibility of changes in the pharmacokinetics of lamotrigine in plasma owing to hepatic dysfunction has been evaluated. METHODS Thirty-six subjects, including 24 patients with various degrees of liver cirrhosis and 12 healthy volunteers(More)
The protease inhibitor (PI) ritonavir is used as a strong inhibitor of cytochrome P450 3A4, which boosts the activities of coadministered PIs, resulting in augmented plasma PI levels, simplification of the dosage regimen, and better efficacy against resistant viruses. The objectives of the present open-label, multiple-dose study were to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate a potential pharmacokinetic interaction between mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and aciclovir or valaciclovir. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS Fifteen healthy subjects were enrolled in a prospective, randomised, open-label, single-dose, cross-over study conducted at a single centre. Subjects received each of the following five oral(More)
INTRODUCTION In seriously infected patients with acute renal failure and who require continuous renal replacement therapy, data on continuous infusion of ceftazidime are lacking. Here we analyzed the pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime administered by continuous infusion in critically ill patients during continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) in(More)
1. Lamotrigine is a new antiepileptic drug, chemically unrelated to currently used antiepileptic medication. Its pharmacokinetics can be influenced by concomitant antiepileptic medication. 2. This study was performed to assess the pharmacokinetic profile of lamotrigine in three groups of children treated with different types of comedication: drugs known to(More)
The production of glucuronides from drugs by immobilized microsomal uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronosyltransferase has been investigated. Of all the immobilization methods used (covalent binding, adsorption by ionic or hydrophobic interactions), only entrapment of microsomes into alginate beads in the presence of polyethyleneimine was effective in(More)
Valaciclovir is rapidly and extensively converted to acyclovir. In this study we investigated the potential interaction between oral valaciclovir and Maalox. On each of three occasions 18 healthy volunteers received a single oral dose of 1000 mg valaciclovir, or 30 mL Maalox 65 min after valaciclovir administration, or 30 mL Maalox 30 min before(More)
The pharmacokinetics of a single oral 200 mg dose of netivudine (1-(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-(1-propynyl)uracil), a nucleoside analogue under development for use in varicella zoster virus infections, were studied in 12 renal failure (RF) subjects (creatinine clearance 15 +/- 7 mL/min) and 12 age-matched healthy subjects with normal creatinine clearance.(More)