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A bi-directional, saturable transport of glutathione (GSH) was found in rat liver microsomal vesicles. GSH transport could be inhibited by the anion transport blockers flufenamic acid and 4, 4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. A part of GSH taken up by the vesicles was metabolized to glutathione disulfide (GSSG) in the lumen. Microsomal membrane(More)
The redox state of the intraluminal pyridine nucleotide pool was investigated in rat liver microsomal vesicles. The vesicles showed cortisone reductase activity in the absence of added reductants, which was dependent on the integrity of the membrane. The intraluminal pyridine nucleotide pool could be oxidized by the addition of cortisone or metyrapone but(More)
During the NADPH-Fe-induced peroxidation of liver microsomal lipids products are formed which are provided with cytopathological activities. In a previous study one of the major products was identified as an aldehyde of the 4-hydroxyalkenal class, namely 4-hydroxynonenal. In the present study another cytotoxic product has been isolated and identified as(More)
Mutations in the gene of the hepatic glucose-6-phosphate transporter cause glycogen storage disease type 1b. In this disease, the altered glucose homeostasis and liver functions are accompanied by an impairment of neutrophils/monocytes. However, neither the existence of a microsomal glucose-6-phosphate transport, nor the connection between its defect and(More)
Glycogen storage diseases type 1 (GSD 1) are a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by impairment of terminal steps of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. Mutations of the glucose-6-phosphatase gene are responsible for the most frequent form of GSD 1, the subtype 1a, while mutations of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter gene (G6PT) have(More)
Ascorbate and dehydroascorbate transport was investigated in rat liver microsomal vesicles using radiolabeled compounds and a rapid filtration method. The uptake of both compounds was time- and temperature-dependent, and saturable. Ascorbate uptake did not reach complete equilibrium, it had low affinity and high capacity. Ascorbate influx could not be(More)
The effects of a number of metabolic inhibitors on the influx of Ca2+ activated by stimulation of receptors coupled to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate generation or by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores with thapsigargin were investigated in four different cell types: Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, Jurkat and HeLa cell lines, and rat hepatocytes.(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate transport was investigated in rat or human liver microsomal vesicles using rapid filtration and light-scattering methods. Upon addition of glucose-6-phosphate, rat liver microsomes accumulated the radioactive tracer, reaching a steady-state level of uptake. In this phase, the majority of the accumulated tracer was glucose, but a(More)
Mechanisms regulating the energy-dependent calcium sequestering activity of liver microsomes were studied. The possibility for a physiologic mechanism capable of entrapping the transported Ca2+ was investigated. It was found that the addition of glucose 6-phosphate to the incubation system for MgATP-dependent microsomal calcium transport results in a marked(More)
The ability of glucagon (1 nM) and of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (50 microM) to increase cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in Fura-loaded rat hepatocytes was examined in a system wherein Ca2+ inflow was induced by the re-admission of excess Ca2+ to a nominally Ca(2+)-free medium. An increase in [Ca2+]i did not occur in the absence of either agonist, but(More)