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A bi-directional, saturable transport of glutathione (GSH) was found in rat liver microsomal vesicles. GSH transport could be inhibited by the anion transport blockers flufenamic acid and 4, 4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. A part of GSH taken up by the vesicles was metabolized to glutathione disulfide (GSSG) in the lumen. Microsomal membrane(More)
During the NADPH-Fe-induced peroxidation of liver microsomal lipids products are formed which are provided with cytopathological activities. In a previous study one of the major products was identified as an aldehyde of the 4-hydroxyalkenal class, namely 4-hydroxynonenal. In the present study another cytotoxic product has been isolated and identified as(More)
Histone H2A (1-10 microg/ml) added to Ehrlich ascite cell suspensions promoted: (i) Ca2+ influx, but no apparent intracellular Ca2+ mobilization; (ii) plasma-membrane depolarization and Na+ influx in Ca2+-free medium, which were recovered by Ca2+ readmission; (iii) influx of other cations such as Ba2+, Mn2+, choline+ and N-methyl-d-glucamine+, but not of(More)
The alterations of mitochondrial membrane potential during the development of irreversible cell damage were investigated by measuring rhodamine-123 uptake and distribution in primary cultures as well as in suspensions of rat hepatocytes exposed to different toxic agents. Direct and indirect mechanisms of mitochondrial damage have been identified and a role(More)
Caffeine mobilized an intracellular Ca2+ pool in intact fura-2-loaded INS-1 cells in suspension exposed to high (16 mM) [glucose], while a minor effect was observed with low (2 mM) [glucose]. Cells were kept in a medium containing diaxozide or no Ca2+ to prevent the influx of extracellular Ca2+. The caffeine-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ pool was within the(More)
BACKGROUND The endoplasmic reticulum enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase catalyzes the hydrolysis of glucose-6-phosphate to glucose and inorganic phosphate. The enzyme is a part of a multicomponent system that includes several integral membrane proteins; the catalytic subunit (G6PC) and transporters for glucose-6-phosphate, inorganic phosphate and glucose. The(More)
Glucose 6-phosphate transport has been well characterized in liver microsomes. The transport is required for the functioning of the glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme that is situated in the lumen of the hepatic endoplasmic reticulum. The genetic deficiency of the glucose 6-phosphate transport activity causes a severe metabolic disease termed type 1b glycogen(More)
Mechanisms regulating the energy-dependent calcium sequestering activity of liver microsomes were studied. The possibility for a physiologic mechanism capable of entrapping the transported Ca2+ was investigated. It was found that the addition of glucose 6-phosphate to the incubation system for MgATP-dependent microsomal calcium transport results in a marked(More)
The effects of a number of metabolic inhibitors on the influx of Ca2+ activated by stimulation of receptors coupled to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate generation or by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores with thapsigargin were investigated in four different cell types: Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, Jurkat and HeLa cell lines, and rat hepatocytes.(More)
The functional coupling of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase was investigated in rat liver microsomal vesicles. The activity of both enzymes was latent in intact vesicles, indicating the intraluminal localization of their active sites. Glucose-6-phosphate, a substrate for hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase,(More)