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MSRV is a retroviral element previously isolated in cell cultures from patients with multiple sclerosis. It is part of a new multi-copy endogenous retrovirus family named HERV-W and displays pro-inflammatory properties both in vitro in human PBMC cultures and in vivo in a humanized SCID mice model. In the present study, we have evaluated potential links(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients were stimulated with myelin basic protein (MBP) together with anti-CD28 monoclonal antibody and staphylococcal enterotoxin B to optimize cytokine production by antigen-specific cells. Type 1 (IL-2, IL-12, IFNgamma) and pro-inflammatory (TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6) cytokines were augmented(More)
BACKGROUND The envelope protein from multiple sclerosis (MS) associated retroviral element (MSRV), a member of the Human Endogenous Retroviral family 'W' (HERV-W), induces dysimmunity and inflammation. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to confirm and specify the association between HERV-W/MSRV envelope (Env) expression and MS. METHODS 103 MS,(More)
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