Roselina Angel

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The effect of Ca and phytase on phytate phosphorus (PP) hydrolysis was studied in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, PP hydrolysis by a 3-phytase and a 6-phytase was studied at pH 2.5 and 6.5 with Ca added at levels equivalent to 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.7, or 0.9% of the diet. Irrespective of enzyme, Ca at a level as low as 0.1% reduced (P < 0.05) PP hydrolysis at pH(More)
Broilers chickens have limited ability to utilize phytate phosphorus (PP), and the influence of nutrients on the activity and efficacy of intestinal phytase is unclear. Therefore in a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial experiment, male chicks were fed 0 or 0.21 mg/kg 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OH D3), 4 or 9 g/kg Ca supplied from CaCO3 or Ca malate from 14 to 24 d of(More)
Diet modification to decrease phosphorus (P) concentration in animal feeds and manures can reduce surpluses of manure P in areas of intensive animal production. We generated turkey and broiler litters from two and three flock trials, respectively, using diets that ranged from "high" to "low" in non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) and some of which contained feed(More)
From hatch to 18 d of age broilers were fed starter diets with (0.9 kg/ton) or without direct fed microbial (DFM). At 18 d, birds were weighed and, within DFM treatment (trt), randomly assigned to battery pens. In Exp 1, a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of nutrient density [control (C, 19.3% protein (CP), 0.84%, Ca 0.37% nonphytin P (nPP); and 17.1% CP, 0.8%(More)
Phytate phosphorus (PP) hydrolysis by a 3-phytase was studied in vitro at pH 2.5 and 6.5 with either 0, 1.0, 4.0, or 9.0 g of Ca/kg diet, or 0, 1.0, 5.0, 7.5, or 10.0 g/kg diet of micro-mineral premix added as inorganic (IMM) or an equivalent level as micro-mineral-amino acid complexes (MAAC). Adding Ca or micro-minerals reduced (P < 0.05) PP hydrolysis at(More)
Three floor pen experiments (Exp) were conducted to evaluate low nonphytin P (NPP) concentrations and the NPP sparing effect of phytase (PHY) and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25D) on bone mineralization, bone breaking during commercial processing, litter P, and water-soluble P (WSP) concentrations. Tested treatments (TRT) were control, National Research(More)
Two experiments were conducted to determine the nonphytin phosphorus (nPP) requirement for broilers, based on broken line analysis, in the finisher (32 to 42 d) and withdrawal phases (42 to 49 d) of a four-phase feeding program. The determined nPP concentrations used were 0.15, 0.19, 0.26, and 0.31% in the finisher phase, experiment 1 (Exp 1), and 0.10,(More)
We studied the ability of broiler chickens to adapt to early moderate P and Ca deficiencies by evaluating the impact of feeding different concentrations of P and Ca, from 1 to 18 d, on performance, bone characteristics, and nutrient absorption in the grower (Gr) period (18 to 32 d). Two starter (St) diets were fed from 1 to 18 d: a control (C) diet [0.45%(More)
This experiment determined the effects of different phosphorus (P) feeding programs on total and water-soluble P excretion by broilers. Ross 308, male broilers were fed an industry (IND) diet (0.48, 0.35, 0.31, and 0.30% nonphytate P; NPP), an industry diet with reduced NPP and supplemental phytase [IND + PT; 600 phytase units (FTU)/kg; 0.36, 0.26, 0.20,(More)
A study was conducted to evaluate the impact of feeding soybean meal (SBM) from low-phytate (LP) or traditional phytate (TP) soybeans on performance and excretions from growing swine. Ninety-six crossbred barrows (initial BW = 18 +/- 0.3 kg) were allocated by BW to 24 pens and fed 1 of 4 treatment diets: TP SBM without supplemental phytase; TP SBM plus 500(More)