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BACKGROUND Exercise training improves exercise capacity (peakVO2), which is closely related to long-term survival in cardiac patients. However, it remains unclear which type and intensity of exercise is most effective for improving exercise tolerance and body weight. Individual studies suggest that aerobic interval training (AIT) might increase peakVO2 more(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disorder characterized by hypertension in the pulmonary arteries. PAH leads to symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, leg edema and chest pain, impacting heavily on quality of life. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effect of exercise training(More)
Exercise is widely recommended as one of the key preventive lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of hypertension and to manage high blood pressure (BP), but individual studies investigating the effect of exercise on ambulatory BP have remained inconclusive. Therefore, the primary purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed at evaluating (1) right ventricular (RV) mean power during exercise, (2) the contribution of flow and pressure to RV mean power, and (3) the impact of pulmonary artery pressure on RV function during exercise. METHODS Fifty patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) type secundum (20 open, 30 closed) were enrolled. All underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise capacity in grown-ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) is mostly reported by peak oxygen consumption (peak VO(2)). Our aim was to evaluate the maximal character of exercise tests, and to investigate submaximal measures of exercise capacity. METHODS Adults with Coarctation of the Aorta (COA, n=155), Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF, n=98),(More)
To assess whether moderate dietary protein restriction can delay the progression of overt diabetic nephropathy, 22 subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to an unrestricted protein diet (> 1.6 g.kg body wt-1.d-1) or a moderately protein-restricted diet (0.8 g.kg body wt-1.d-1) and followed prospectively for six mo. Direct(More)
OBJECTIVE In adult patients with mild-to-moderate pulmonary valve (PV) stenosis, exercise capacity and haemodynamics have not been extensively studied, although regular exercise is recommended. Therefore, we aimed to assess exercise capacity to study the increase in PV gradient during exercise and to evaluate the impact of this increased pressure load on(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients who underwent corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have increased long-term risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Yet, limited information is available on how to evaluate the risk in this population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of aerobic exercise capacity, along with(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) have an increased long-term risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Risk stratification in this population is difficult. Initial evidence suggests that cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) may be helpful to risk-stratify patients with repaired ToF. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 875(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with depression may be at increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality. We aimed to clarify the prevalence and predictors of T2DM in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and where possible compare the prevalence of T2DM in those with MDD versus(More)