Roseann Mandell

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The major cause of homocystinuria is mutation of the gene encoding the enzyme cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS). Deficiency of CBS activity results in elevated levels of homocysteine as well as methionine in plasma and urine and decreased levels of cystathionine and cysteine. Ninety-two different disease-associated mutations have been identified in the CBS(More)
Fumarase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of the citric acid cycle causing severe neurological impairment. The cDNA for both the rat and human enzymes has been cloned previously and shown to encode a coding region of 1.46 kb. To scan for mutations in fumarase-deficient patients we amplified the coding region of fumarase from(More)
Argininosuccinate lyase deficiency is a urea cycle disorder which can present in the neonatal period with hyperammonemic encephalopathy, or later in childhood with episodic vomiting, growth and developmental delay. Abnormal hair, hepatomegaly, and hepatic fibrosis are unique features of this disorder. Twelve patients with argininosuccinate lyase deficiency(More)
Gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina is a chorioretinal degeneration associated with hyperornithinemia with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Cultured skin fibroblasts from five affected patients showed a virtual absence of ornithine ketoacid transaminase (OKT) (L-ornithine:2-oxoacid aminotransferase E.C. activity. Fibroblasts from(More)
Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by homocystinuria and multisystem clinical disease. Patients responsive to pyridoxine usually have a milder clinical phenotype than do nonresponsive patients, and we studied the molecular pathology of this disorder in an attempt to understand the molecular basis of(More)
Molybdenum cofactor deficiency is a devastating disease with affected patients displaying the symptoms of a combined deficiency of sulfite oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase. Because of the extreme lability of the isolated, functional molybdenum cofactor, direct cofactor replacement therapy is not feasible, and a search for stable biosynthetic intermediates(More)
BACKGROUND Although hyperhomocyst(e)inemia (Hyper-Hcy) may predispose to atherosclerosis and venous thrombosis, the mechanisms of stroke associated with Hyper-Hcy are not defined. METHODS Clinical and biochemical phenotypes and genetic features of three unrelated patients with premature stroke and severe Hyper-Hcy due to cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Epidemiological studies have described an association between low vitamin B6 (measured as pyridoxal 5'-phosphate [PLP]) and ischemic stroke, independent of homocysteine (tHcy). We investigated B6 status, tHcy, and inflammation (measured by C-reactive protein [CRP]) in patients with stroke and controls. METHODS Consecutive cases with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The introduction of cereal grain folic acid fortification in 1998 has reduced homocyst(e)ine (tHcy) concentrations in the US population. We performed a case-control study to determine the risk of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) associated with tHcy and low vitamin status in a postfortification US sample. METHODS(More)