Rose M. Rubin

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Our paper analyzes technical efficiency in the production of aggregate health outcomes of reduced infant mortality and increased life expectancy, using Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) health data. Application of data envelopment analysis (DEA) reveals that some countries achieve relative efficiency advantages, including those(More)
This study presents a comparative analysis of changes over time in expenditure patterns of retirees. Tobit regressions reveal significant differences in expenditure patterns in health care, leisure, necessities, and philanthropy. Over the past two decades, health care became more of a necessity, and its budget share increased. The marginal propensity to(More)
This study compares out-of-pocket health expenditures of elderly and nonelderly households over the past decade, using descriptive statistics and two-stage least squares analysis of Consumer Expenditure Survey data for 1980-1981 and 1989-90. This empirical analysis provides a basis for discussion of both efficiency and equity issues in health policy. We(More)
Regression analysis was used to compare out-of-pocket health expenditures between lower and higher income elderly and non-elderly households. Race and housing tenure were significant determinants for both age groups, but assets, education, and family size were significant only for the non-elderly. Analysis of out-of-pocket health costs indicated greater(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze healthy life expectancy (HLE) for major racial and gender subgroups, based on the diverse population of Tennessee and compared with the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS We use life table methodology and the HLE calculation model of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), using two databases for 2001: NCHS National Vital(More)
This paper describes and analyzes trends in health economics articles indexed in the economics literature from 1991 to 2000, demonstrating the robust state of publication in the field during the past decade. While articles, pages, and the number of journals increased, single authorship declined dramatically from almost half of articles published to only(More)
OBJECTIVE This article explores whether the formal home health care (HHC) market is equitable or manifests unexplained racial disparities in use. METHODS The database is the 1994 National Long Term Care Survey. We estimate logit regression models with a race dummy variable, race interaction terms, and stratification by race. We apply the Oaxaca(More)
BACKGROUND We characterized public health clinic users 4 years after implementation of a major public health insurance reform and identified barriers to health care access. METHODS We used face-to-face interviews and profile analysis of survey findings. RESULTS The typical public health client household is larger, poorer, and more likely to be black(More)