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The potential inhibitory effect on P-glycoprotein (Pgp) by antiparasitic drugs and natural compounds was investigated. Compounds were screened for Pgp interaction based on inhibition of Pgp mediated [3H]-taxol transport in Caco-2 cells. Bidirectional transport of selected inhibitors was further evaluated to identify potential Pgp substrates using the Caco-2(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional detoxification proteins that protect the cell from electrophilic compounds. Overexpression of GSTs in cancer results in resistance to chemotherapeutic agents and inhibition of the over expressed GST has been suggested as an approach to combat GST-induced resistance. The inhibition of human recombinant(More)
Caco-2 cells, widely used to study carrier mediated uptake and efflux mechanisms, are known to have different properties when cultured under different conditions. In this study, Caco-2 cells from 10 different laboratories were compared in terms of mRNA expression levels of 72 drug and nutrient transporters, and 17 other target genes, including drug(More)
Elevated glutathione transferase (GST) E2 activity is associated with DDT resistance in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae. The search for chemomodulators that inhibit the function of AgGSTE2 would enhance the insecticidal activity of DDT. Therefore, we examined the interaction of novel natural plant products with heterologously expressed An. gambiae GSTE 2 in(More)
The lipophilic weak base amodiaquine is an antimalarial drug that has been in use for over 40 years. Little is known of amodiaquine's mechanism of transport across membranes. Transport experiments of amodiaquine in Caco-2 cells showed a low recovery of 30% and rapid disappearance from the apical chamber. Compounds structurally similar to amodiaquine, and(More)
Reversal of the drug-resistance phenotype in cancer cells usually involves the use of a chemomodulator that inhibits the function of a resistance-related protein. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of MDR chemomodulators on human recombinant glutathione S-transferase (GSTs) activity. IC50 values for 15 MDR chemomodulators were determined(More)
The interaction of geshoidin, diospyrin and ergothioneine, with heterologously expressed human glutathione transferases (GSTs) was investigated in vitro. Diospyrin and geshoidin inhibited the three GST isoforms tested, with IC50 values in the range 0.1-0.5 microm, whereas ergothioneine had no effect on the GSTs. The predominant mode of inhibition was(More)
Glutathione transferases (GSTs) are part of a major family of detoxifying enzymes that can catalyze the reductive dehydrochlorination of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). The delta and epsilon classes of insect GSTs have been implicated in conferring resistance to this insecticide. In this study, the inactivation of Anopheles gambiae GSTε2 by(More)
A glutathione transferase (PfGST) isolated from Plasmodium falciparum has been associated with chloroquine resistance. A range of natural products including malagashanine (MG) were screened for inhibition of PfGST by a GST assay with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as a substrate. Only the sesquiterpene (JBC 42C), the bicoumarin (Tral-1), ellagic acid and(More)
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