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PURPOSE The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials is to assess the effectiveness of no drainage when compared to drainage in total knee arthroplasty, in terms of recovery of knee flexion, reduction in swelling, length of hospital stay and haemoglobin levels following TKA. METHODS Six randomised controlled(More)
This article focuses on the impact of increased duration of exercise therapy on functional recovery after stroke. A comprehensive literature search using multiple databases was used to identify all relevant randomized controlled trials. Their quality was reviewed by two independent assessors, and a narrative systematic review and meta-analysis was(More)
PURPOSE To examine the views of people with stroke, their 'family members/friends' and physiotherapists on the role of the family in physiotherapy and the delivery of exercises following stroke. METHODS A self-report questionnaire was administered to 100 'family members/friends' and 75 people with stroke. Two focus groups were conducted with 10 expert(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to determine the predictive value of the ABCD ²at 7 and 90 days across three strata of risk. Background. The risk of stroke after transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is significant. The ABCD ²clinical prediction rule is designed to predict early risk of stroke after TIA. A number of(More)
STUDY DESIGN A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the totality of evidence in relation to the effectiveness of acupuncture for nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Acupuncture has become a popular alternative for treating clinical symptoms of NSCLBP. A(More)
OBJECTIVES Following appropriate validation, clinical prediction rules (CPRs) should undergo impact analysis to evaluate their effect on patient care. The aim of this systematic review is to narratively review and critically appraise CPR impact analysis studies relevant to primary care. SETTING Primary care. PARTICIPANTS Adults and children. (More)
We sought to estimate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIP) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs) using a subset of the STOPP/START criteria in a population based sample of Irish adults aged ≥65 years using data from The Irish LongituDinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). A subset of 26 PIP indicators and 10 PPO indicators from the(More)
BACKGROUND The Timed Up and Go test (TUG) is a commonly used screening tool to assist clinicians to identify patients at risk of falling. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the overall predictive value of the TUG in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS A literature search was performed to identify all studies that(More)
INTRODUCTION Fractures of the proximal humerus represent a major osteoporotic burden. Recent developments in CT imaging have emphasized the importance of cortical bone thickness distribution in the prevention and management of fragility fractures. We aimed to experimentally define the CT density of cortical bone in the proximal humerus for building cortical(More)