Learn More
The effectiveness of nicotine gum in combination with a behavior modification program was studied. The nicotine dependence of participating smokers (N = 322) was assessed. One hundred sixty-eight smokers were labeled as high nicotine dependent and 154 as moderate to low dependent. In a randomized double-blind procedure, the high-dependent smokers were given(More)
BACKGROUND Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is thought to be induced by decreasing intraesophageal pressure during obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, pressure changes in the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) pressure during OSA events have not been measured. The aim of this study was to determine UES and GEJ pressure(More)
We discuss the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to reveal early fetal neurological involvement of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. A woman presented at 21 weeks of pregnancy with active CMV infection. Cerebral ultrasound examination had been normal. An MRI scan revealed a thickened germinal matrix, which was histologically confirmed, associated with(More)
Previous research has suggested that logical competence may not always be reflected in task performances but is influenced by various moderator variables that affect the actual application of competence. The present research examines the development of conditional reasoning from the perspective of a competencemoderator-performance approach (Overton, 1985;(More)
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) is frequently associated with reflux events and terminates with a primary or secondary peristaltic wave. However, it is unclear whether the presence and properties of the refluxate affect TLESR-termination events. The aims of this study were to determine the pattern of terminating esophageal motor(More)
We sought to demonstrate preclinical adverse cardiac and systemic effects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) improve with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) utilizing known biomarkers and echocardiographic measures. Our goal was to determine which measures would have utility in monitoring effectiveness of CPAP therapy. Subjects were recruited from a(More)
A 53-year-old man with a history of Crohn's disease on infliximab, presented with several weeks of cough and dyspnoea. He had a right-sided pleural effusion, found to be exudative with lymphocytic predominance. He underwent right-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with biopsies and pleurodesis. Histopathology showed pleural-based non-caseating(More)