Rose Ann Murray

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Regulatory volume decrease (RVD) in detached cerebellar astrocytes in culture after acute exposure to hyposmolarity was characterized in this and the accompanying paper [H. Pasantes-Morales, R. A. Murray, R. Sanches-Olea, and J. Moran. Am. J. Physiol. 266 (Cell Physiol. 35): C172-C178, 1994]. RVD was independent of extracellular calcium, was accelerated at(More)
The immune response to vaccination with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), the only tuberculosis vaccine available, has not been fully characterized. We used multiparameter flow cytometry to examine specific T cell cytokine production and phenotypic profiles in blood from 10-wk-old infants routinely vaccinated with BCG at birth. Ex vivo stimulation of whole(More)
Vaccination with Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) has variable efficacy in preventing tuberculosis. Both BCG strain and route of administration have been implicated in determining efficacy; however, these variables are not considered in current clinical recommendations for vaccine choice. We evaluated antigen-specific immunity after(More)
We optimized a whole blood intracellular cytokine assay to quantitate the frequency of specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in small volumes of whole blood from infants from developing countries. The assay is performed in two steps. First, whole blood is stimulated in the presence of specific antigens for 6-18 h, ending with cryopreservation of fixed white cells.(More)
The permeability of the hyposmolarity-activated pathway to amino acids and polyols in cultured astrocytes was examined following the change in rate and direction of regulatory volume decrease (RVD) when the extracellular concentration of the osmolytes was increased to reverse their intracellular-extracellular concentration gradient. Activation of the(More)
Leprosy presents with a clinical spectrum of skin lesions that span from strong Th1-mediated cellular immunity and control of bacillary growth at one pole to poor Ag-specific T cell immunity with extensive bacillary load and Th2 cytokine-expressing lesions at the other. To understand how the immune response to Mycobacterium leprae is regulated, human(More)
Mounting evidence points to CD8+ T cells playing an important role in protective immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The only available vaccine against tuberculosis, bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG), has traditionally been viewed not to induce these cells optimally. In this study, we show that vaccination of human newborns with BCG does indeed induce(More)
Efflux pathways for amino acids, K, and Cl activated during regulatory volume decrease (RVD) were characterized in cultured cerebellar granule neurons exposed to hyposmotic conditions. Results of this study favor diffusion pores (presumably channels) over energy-dependent transporters as the mechanisms responsible for the efflux of these osmolytes. The(More)
Between July 1987 and January 1988, five patients dialyzed at a hemodialysis outpatient clinic developed systemic Mycobacterium chelonae abscessus (MCA) infections. Four of the five patients had arteriovenous graft infections, and two died during antimicrobial therapy. Case-patients were more likely than control-patients to have received high-flux dialysis(More)
In 10-week-old infants vaccinated at birth with Japanese Mycobacterium bovis BCG, the number of dermal needle penetrations correlated positively with frequency of proliferating CD4(+) T cells in whole blood following BCG stimulation for 6 days but did not correlate with secreted cytokine levels after 7 h or interferon CD4(+) T-cell frequency after 12 h of(More)