Roschelle A Heuberger

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the associations between dietary fat and age-related maculopathy (ARM) in persons 40 years or older who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS We used a single, nonmydriatic, fundus photograph of 1 eye to ascertain ARM status in 7883 of 11 448 survey participants. Intake of fat was(More)
Nutrition may affect clinical outcomes in critically ill patients, and providing either more or fewer calories than the patient needs can adversely affect outcomes. Calorie need fluctuates substantially over the course of critical illness, and nutrition delivery is often influenced by: the risk of refeeding syndrome; a hypocaloric feeding regimen; lack of(More)
AIMS To describe the prevalence of alcohol intake, medication use and falls, evaluate the association between alcohol intake and medication use, and assess the effects of use of alcohol, medication and/or both on the occurrence of falls. METHOD Trained interviewers collected information on self-reported frequency of alcohol consumption, medication use and(More)
Bariatric surgery is becoming an increasingly common procedure performed to achieve long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. Bariatric surgery may cause long-term morbidity because of vitamin and mineral deficiencies. This review synthesizes the research on vitamin D and calcium status in obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. The(More)
The purpose of the present cross-sectional, convenience sampled study was to ascertain differences in diet and lifestyle between cat (n 155) and dog (n 318) owners and their pets. Average cat ownership was 6.1 (SD 5) years and average cat's age was 6.9 (SD 5) years. Cats were reported to be overweight (14 %), fed ad libitum (87 %), given medication (11 %)(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate vitamin D status and supplementation in the pediatric population with common gastrointestinal diseases. The literature was searched for studies on vitamin D status in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), celiac disease, and liver disease. Vitamin D supplementation in healthy children was also reviewed. CONCLUSIONS Those with(More)
It is becoming increasingly evident that not all people respond equally to diet. Nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics is the study of how genes affect dietary response or how nutrients affect gene expression. Understanding gene-nutrient interactions has become essential in many areas of study to account for variation in results. Identifying subgroups or(More)
Rapid growth in both the number of older U.S. adults and diversity in the population suggests increased and disparate demands for nutrition services. Funded by the Older Americans Act (OAA), the primary purpose of congregate meal services is to keep older Americans nutritionally secure and living independently in the community. Understanding characteristics(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of chewing and swallowing dysfunctions to nutritional status in older adults. METHODS This cross-sectional study comprised a convenience sample of 1065 community-dwelling older adults living in rural United States. Dietary assessment included the Block Full Length Food Frequency(More)