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The aim of this study was to look for morphological or functional differences between the circadian system of two substrains of Senescence Accelerated Mice (SAM): senescence-prone (SAMP8; average median survival time = 10.0 months) and senescence-resistant (SAMR1; average median survival time = 18.9 months). Neither the general structure nor the(More)
Normal aging is commonly associated with a decline in memory, mainly for that related with newly acquired information. The hippocampal formation (HF) is a brain region that has been implicated in this dysfunction. Within the HF there are several cellular types, such as pyramidal cells, granule neurons of the dentate gyrus, and astrocytes. CDP-choline is a(More)
The influence of chronic administration of cytidine-5'-diphosphate choline (CDP-choline), a precursor of the membrane lipid phosphatidylcholine, was studied in neurosecretory neurons (NSNs) of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) of aged mouse hypothalamus. Animals were treated with CDP-choline from 12 months of age until 26 months. They were studied for both(More)
Ts65DN mice were developed as a model of Down syndrome (DS); they are trisomic for the distal segment of chromosome 16 (MMU16), which contains genes syntenic with some of the genes located on the critical region of human chromosome 21 (HSA21). Since behavioral and neurochemical disturbances have been observed in this animal model, it seemed interesting to(More)
Co-localization of calretinin immunoreactivity and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity was studied in the rat hippocampus and dentate gyrus. Neurons co-expressing both markers (CR/NADPH-d) were observed throughout the hippocampus and dentate gyrus. However, they were more abundant in the stratum pyramidale and radiatum(More)
Since melatonin has direct inhibitory effects on some tumor cells in vitro, the aim of the present work was to study whether the growth and structural characteristics of the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH in vitro are influenced by this indoleamine. Concentrations of melatonin of 10(-9) and 10(-11) M significantly inhibited (P < 0.05) cell(More)
INTRODUCTION stereology is a body of methods that allow unbiased and efficient estimation of geometric quantities defined in arbitrary physical structures. In particular, stereology is a valuable tool to assist neuroimaging in the estimation of morphometric parameters in the brain. Therefore, stereology may confer objectivity in the complementary and(More)
The hypothalamic supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei form the neurosecretory system and synthesize the neurohormones oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin. The senescence-accelerated mouse is a model of rapid aging that displays senile amyloidosis and memory problems. This paper presents the characterization of the neurosecretory system and describes the(More)
The effects of the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) activity blockage on the early myelination of the rat optic nerve (ON) were investigated at the light and ultrastructural levels. The blockage of the RGC action potential was attained by the use of tetrodotoxin (TTX), a blocker of the voltage-sensitive sodium channels. TTX was either infused directly into the(More)
In 2-year-old mice, astrocytes of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) of the hypothalamus, placed in close contact with the meningeal covering contained concentric arrangements of cisterns in their cytoplasm called glial concentric bodies (GCBs). They are formed by a variable number of flattened cisterns without pores, and no anastomosis was observed between(More)
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