Rosario Granados

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1. Administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') to several species results in a long lasting neurotoxic degeneration of 5-hydroxytryptaminergic neurones in several regions of the brain. We have now investigated whether this degeneration is likely to be the result of free radical-induced damage. 2. Free radical formation can be(More)
The effect of varying the dose and frequency of administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') on both the acute hyperthermic response and the long term neurodegeneration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve terminals in the brain has been studied in Dark Agouti rats. A single injection (4-15 mg/kg i.p.) of MDMA produced immediate(More)
1. It is well established that 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') is neurotoxic and produces long term degeneration of cerebral 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve terminals in many species. Since MDMA is used extensively as a recreational drug by young people, it is being ingested by many women of child bearing age. We have therefore(More)
1. The immediate effect of administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') on rectal temperature and the effect of putative neuroprotective agents on this change has been examined in rats. The influence of the temperature changes on the long term MDMA-induced neurodegeneration of cerebral 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve terminals(More)
1. We investigated whether dopamine plays a role in the neurodegeneration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve endings occurring in Dark Agouti rat brain after 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy') administration. 2. Haloperidol (2 mg kg(-1) i.p.) injected 5 min prior and 55 min post MDMA (15 mg kg(-1) i.p.) abolished the acute MDMA-induced(More)
Administration of a dose of 15 mg/kg of the recreationally used drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or “ecstasy”) to Dark Agouti rats resulted in an acute hyperthermic response which was followed 7 days later by a marked (≈45%) loss of 5-HT and its metabolite 5-HIAA in cortex, hippocampus and striatum and a similar loss of [3H]-paroxetine binding(More)
Clomethiazole is an effective neuroprotective agent against the degeneration of 5-HT neurones that follows administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'ecstasy'). Since there is good evidence that free radical formation resulting from auto-oxidation of MDMA metabolites is responsible for the degeneration we have examined whether(More)
Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is an exceedingly uncommon tumor of lymph nodes and extranodal tissues. The inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT)-like variant of FDC sarcoma of intraabdominal location is considered a separate entity, with different clinical and pathological features than those of the classic FDC tumor. There have been only 12 cytological(More)
Hospitalization of the elderly for invasive pneumococcal disease is frequently accompanied by the occurrence of an adverse cardiac event; these are primarily new or worsened heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia. Herein, we describe previously unrecognized microscopic lesions (microlesions) formed within the myocardium of mice, rhesus macaques, and humans(More)
Dear Editor, A new pandemic was originated by a novel influenza A (H1N1) virus [1– 3]. Severe cases were characterized by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), shock, and acute kidney injury (AKI) [3]. Lung histopathological changes in fatal cases showed signs of diffuse alveolar damage, necrotizing bronchiolitis, and occasional alveolar hemorrhage(More)