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Alpha2-delta (alpha2-delta) is a membrane-spanning auxiliary protein subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels found in muscle and brain. Of the four subtypes of alpha2-delta, only alpha2-delta types 1 and 2 (alpha2-delta-1 and alpha2-delta-2) bind the drugs gabapentin (Neurontin) and pregabalin (Lyrica). Although recent findings indicate that drug binding(More)
The modulation of the central cardiovascular effects of alpha2-adrenoceptor activation by oxytocin in the nucleus tractus solitarii has been evaluated by cardiovascular analysis and by quantitative receptor autoradiography. Microinjections in the nucleus tractus solitarii of a threshold dose of oxytocin effectively and significantly counteracted the(More)
Hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids of spinal cord neurons is one of the first events initiated in spinal cord trauma. In this process, free fatty acids, and in particular arachidonic acid, are released. Exposure of spinal cord neurons to free arachidonic acid can compromise cell survival and initiate apoptotic cell death. In order to determine potential(More)
Modulation of neurotrophic factor expression may constitute an important part of neuroprotective effects of nicotine. Therefore, the effects of nicotine on expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptor, tyrosine receptor kinase A (trkA), were studied in cultured spinal cord neurons treated with arachidonic acid. Because injury to spinal cord is(More)
Increased levels of free fatty acids and, in particular, arachidonic acid can lead to induction of apoptosis of spinal cord neurons. Because of the importance of neurotrophic factors in cell survival and death, mRNA and protein levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) were studied in cultured spinal cord(More)
Protease-activated receptors (PARs) belong to the family of membrane receptors coupled to G-proteins; their presence is reported in a wide variety of cells. The object of this study was to demonstrate the presence of PAR-1 and PAR-2 in myenteric glia of the guinea pig, and to elucidate the cellular mechanisms that are triggered upon receptor activation.(More)
Primary spinal cord trauma can initiate a cascade of pathophysiologic events which markedly contribute to the expansion and amplification of the primary insult. The detailed mechanisms of these secondary neurochemical reactions are largely unknown; however, they involve membrane lipid derangements with the release of free fatty acids, in particular,(More)
Arachidonic acid release from cellular membranes due to spinal cord trauma may be one of the principal destructive events that can lead to progressive injury to spinal cord tissue. Exposure to arachidonic acid can compromise neuronal survival and viability. Because nicotine is known to be a neuroprotective agent, we propose that it can prevent arachidonic(More)
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