Rosario Donato

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Diffusion tensor MRI (DT-MRI) provides information about the structural organization and orientation of white matter fibres and, through the technique of 'tractography', reveals the trajectories of cerebral white matter tracts. We used tractography in the living human brain to address the disputed issue of the nature of occipital and temporal connections.(More)
  • R Donato
  • The international journal of biochemistry & cell…
  • 2001
S100 is a multigenic family of non-ubiquitous Ca(2+)-modulated proteins of the EF-hand type expressed in vertebrates exclusively and implicated in intracellular and extracellular regulatory activities. Within cells, most of S100 members exist in the form of antiparallelly packed homodimers (in some cases heterodimers), capable of functionally crossbridging(More)
S100, a multigenic family of non-ubiquitous Ca(2+)-modulated proteins of the EF-hand type expressed in vertebrates exclusively, has been implicated in intracellular and extracellular regulatory activities. Members of this protein family have been shown to interact with several effector proteins within cells thereby regulating enzyme activities, the dynamics(More)
The Ca2+-binding protein of the EF-hand type, S100B, exerts both intracellular and extracellular functions. Recent studies have provided more detailed information concerning the mechanism(s) of action of S100B as an intracellular regulator and an extracellular signal. Indeed, intracellular S100B acts as a stimulator of cell proliferation and migration and(More)
The S100 protein family consists of 24 members functionally distributed into three main subgroups: those that only exert intracellular regulatory effects, those with intracellular and extracellular functions and those which mainly exert extracellular regulatory effects. S100 proteins are only expressed in vertebrates and show cell-specific expression(More)
Amphoterin is a protein enhancing process extension and migration in embryonic neurons and in tumor cells through binding to receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), a multiligand transmembrane receptor. S100 proteins, especially S100B, are abundantly expressed in the nervous system and are suggested to function as cytokines with both(More)
  • R Donato
  • Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • 1999
A multigenic family of Ca2+-binding proteins of the EF-hand type known as S100 comprises 19 members that are differentially expressed in a large number of cell types. Members of this protein family have been implicated in the Ca2+-dependent (and, in some cases, Zn2+- or Cu2+-dependent) regulation of a variety of intracellular activities such as protein(More)
The S100 protein family comprises at least 25 members which, with the exception of S100G, act as Ca2+-sensor proteins that participate in Ca2+ signal transduction by interacting with target proteins thereby modifying their activities. S100 proteins are expressed in vertebrates exclusively, display a cell-specific distribution, and regulate a large variety(More)
Extracellular S100B is known to affect astrocytic, neuronal and microglial activities, with different effects depending on its concentration. Whereas at relatively low concentrations S100B exerts trophic effects on neurons and astrocytes, at relatively high concentrations the protein causes neuronal apoptosis and activates astrocytes and microglia, thus(More)