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As clinical trials of pharmacological neuroprotective strategies in stroke have been disappointing, attention has turned to the brain's own endogenous strategies for neuroprotection. Recently, a hypothesis has been offered that modified reperfusion subsequent to a prolonged ischemic episode may also confer ischemic neuroprotection, a phenomenon termed(More)
It is well known that stress in a number of forms induces the secretion of prolactin (PRL) in a number of species. What is not well known is that under certain conditions stress will also induce a decrease in PRL secretion. The conditions whereby stress decreases PRL are those where PRL secretion is elevated such as during the proestrous afternoon surge and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, by mediating Ca2+ and Na+ fluxes in a bidirectional way across the synaptic plasma membrane, may play a pivotal role in the events leading to anoxic damage. In the brain, there are 3 different genes coding for 3 different proteins: NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3. The aim of this study was to determine whether NCX1, NCX2,(More)
The present study was performed to determine if any hormone measured in cord blood correlates with the size of the neonatal breast or the presence of galactorrhea. A total of 144 term newborn infants were examined. Estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), testosterone (T), and thyrotropin (TSH) were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA), and prolactin (PRL) was(More)
  • R R Gala
  • 1991
Evidence implicating prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) in the regulation of the immune system has been reviewed. Hypophysectomized animals have deficiencies in both cell-mediated and humoral immunological functions and either PRL or GH corrects these deficiencies. Animals administered bromocryptine, a drug that specifically blocks PRL release, have(More)
Several recent studies suggest that sumo-2/3 modification of proteins occurs following harmful ischemia, however, sumo-2/3-ylation may also be associated with hibernation-mediated neuroprotection. Here we investigate the sumoylation of proteins following ischemia and ischemic tolerance using our established in vitro model of ischemia (oxygen and glucose(More)
Central nervous system regions were examined in long term ovariectomized rats to determine if they are involved in the estrogen-induced afternoon surge in plasma PRL. Adult female rats were ovariectomized 2-3 weeks before bilateral radiofrequency or electrolytic lesions of the brain were placed on day 0. In short term lesion studies, catheterizations and sc(More)