Rosaria Fileccia

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Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) exerts pharmacological actions (e.g. anti-inflammatory, chemopreventive) which are relevant for potential clinical application in the digestive tract. However, no study has been published on its possible effects on intestinal motility, to date. In the present study, we investigated the effect of this plant-derived(More)
An investigation was made into the links between electric activity of antral and of duodeno-jejunal musculature in different functional conditions. The function of the gastroduodenal junction in this linking mechanism was analysed. The following observations were made: (a) in the absence of gastric stimulation, the slow electric activities of stomach and(More)
1. Electrical field stimulation (EFS) (0.5 ms in train of 2-32 Hz for 300 ms) in smooth muscle of pigeon oesophagus, in the presence of atropine (1 microm) and guanethidine (1 microm), elicited an inhibitory response consisting of a transient hyperpolarization (inhibitory junction potential, IJP) associated with muscle relaxation. 2. Sodium nitroprusside(More)
The rôle of both peripheral and central mechanism in the control of primary peristalsis was studied in pigeon cervical oesophagus. The results from the transection of oesophageal muscular wall and of extrinsic nerves suggest that: primary peristalsis is programmed centrally. extrinsic motor input is carried in glossopharyngeal nerves and distributed(More)
Swallowing elicits two propagated EMG peristaltic patterns in pigeon cervical oesophagus: i) "simple" peristaltic pattern and ii) "complex" peristaltic pattern. "Simple" peristaltic pattern is characterized by an intense, long-lasting burst of spikes, high in amplitude with an aboral increasing delay in onset. "Complex" peristaltic pattern presents an early(More)
The effects and the mechanism of action of morphine, methionine-enkephalin and leucine-enkephalin were examined in transverse muscular strips from pigeon oesophagus. All the opiates produced a concentration-dependent excitatory effect on the spontaneous EMG activity, characterized mainly by an increase in the spike burst frequency. The maximal excitatory(More)
In the pigeon oesophageal smooth muscle electrical field stimulation (EFS), in the presence of atropine and guanethidine, evoked TTX-sensitive inhibitory effects on both the electrical and mechanical activity. N(omega)-Nitro L-arginine (L-NA) (0.1-100 microM), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, reduced the inhibitory EFS-evoked effects. Sodium(More)
The influence of vagal afferents on the EMG peristaltic pattern was studied in pigeon oesophagus. Bilateral vagotomy did not abolish the primary peristalsis, but induced significant modifications of the peristaltic pattern parameters. Vagal afferent stimulation induced an inhibitory effect consisting of a temporary break or definitive block of the EMG(More)
The effects of agonist and antagonist cholinergic and adrenergic drugs on spontaneous electrical activity of transverse muscular strips of pigeon cervical oesophagus were examined. Tetrodotoxin failed to affect EMG activity. Cholinomimetics produced excitatory effects. The response to carbachol was enhanced by hexamethonium and reversed into an inhibitory(More)