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Interneuronal communication in the central nervous system (CNS) have always been of basic importance for theories on the cerebral morphofunctional architecture. Our group has proposed that intercellular communication in the brain can be grouped into 2 broad classes based on some general features of the transmission: wiring (WT) and volume (VT) transmission.(More)
We have examined neuroanatomical, biochemical and endocrine parameters and spatial learning in mice lacking the beta2 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) during ageing. Aged beta2(-/-) mutant mice showed region-specific alterations in cortical regions, including neocortical hypotrophy, loss of hippocampal pyramidal neurons, astro- and(More)
We have examined several neurochemical and behavioural parameters related to the function of the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) pathway in animals treated with nicotine following three modes of drug administration, i.e. systemic intraperitoneal injection, intra-accumbens (Acb) infusion or intraventral tegmental area (intra-VTA) microinjection. The present modes(More)
Enhanced locomotion in a habituated environment is a well documented effect of nicotine mediated by the mesotelencephalic dopaminergic system. The nicotinic receptor subunit alpha6 is, among other subunits, strongly expressed in the dopaminergic neurons of the mesencephalon. To examine the functional role of this subunit, we inhibited its expression in vivo(More)
Adenosine and caffeine modulate locomotor activity and striatal gene expression, partially through the activation and blockade of striatal A(2A) receptors, respectively. The elucidation of the roles of these receptors benefits from the construction of A(2A) receptor-deficient mice (A(2A)-R(-/-)). These mice presented alterations in locomotor behaviour and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The striatum is one of the regions most sensitive to transient forebrain ischemia. After 30-minute ischemia, areas of massive neuronal degeneration are clearly detectable a few hours after the insult and attain their maximal extension 24 hours after the insult. However, for most cellular and neurochemical parameters it is not known(More)
We have studied nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in spontaneously hypertensive 'stroke prone' (SHsp) rats. We found a significant decrease in 125I-alpha-bungarotoxin binding and alpha7 subunit mRNA levels in cortical areas of the SHsp rats with respect to Wistar Kyoto (WKy) normotensive rats. Antihypertensive drug treatment counteracted these changes in(More)
We have investigated possible changes in the mRNA levels for several alpha and beta subunits of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and the level of binding for nicotinic ligands in 7- to 32-month-old rats. Alpha4 and beta2, and to a lesser extent alpha6 and beta3, mRNA levels showed decreases between 20 and 30% at 29 months of age which in some(More)
The Ca2+-sensor protein S100A1 was recently shown to bind in vitro to synapsins, a family of synaptic vesicle phosphoproteins involved in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. In this paper, we analyzed the distribution of S100A1 and synapsin I in the CNS and investigated the effects of the S100A1/synapsin binding on the synapsin functional(More)
Pharmacological activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) exerts neuroprotective effects in cultured neurons and the intact animal. Much less is known about a physiological protective role of nAChRs. To understand whether endogenous activation of beta2* nAChRs contributes to the maintenance of the functional and morphological integrity of(More)