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The first chordates appear in the fossil record at the time of the Cambrian explosion, nearly 550 million years ago. The modern ascidian tadpole represents a plausible approximation to these ancestral chordates. To illuminate the origins of chordate and vertebrates, we generated a draft of the protein-coding portion of the genome of the most studied(More)
Glycopeptides derived from NIH 3T3 fibroblasts and these cells transformed by transfection with human DNA containing oncogene H-ras were analyzed by 500-MHz 1H-NMR spectroscopy and binding to immobilized lectins. The cells were metabolically labeled with D-[3H]glucosamine or L-[3H]fucose and the glycopeptides included in Bio-Gel P-10 (Mr 5000-3500) were(More)
Phenotypic expression of transformation was inhibited by swainsonine at concentrations which affect the late stages of glycoprotein processing but not growth of cells. In the presence of swainsonine, NIH 3T3 fibroblasts transfected with human tumor DNA (al-l) no longer grew in soft agar or expressed complex type oligosaccharides characteristic of(More)
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