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The factors and mechanisms implicated in the development of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related steatosis are unknown. Hyperhomocysteinemia causes steatosis, and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism induces hyperhomocysteinemia. We investigated the role of these factors in the development of HCV-related steatosis and in the(More)
PURPOSE The present study aimed to assess the impact of the ketogenic diet on arterial morphology and endothelial function of the big vessels of the neck and on cardiac diastolic function, in a cohort of epileptic children and young adults treated with the ketogenic diet. METHODS Patients were recruited based on the following inclusion criteria: (1)(More)
BACKGROUND Natural proteins undergo in vivo spontaneous post-biosynthetic deamidation of specific asparagine residues with isoaspartyl formation. Deamidated-isomerized molecules are both structurally and functionally altered. The enzyme isoaspartyl protein carboxyl-O-methyltransferase (PCMT; EC has peculiar substrate specificity towards these(More)
Hydrogen sulfide, H(2)S, is the third endogenous gas with cardiovascular properties, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S is a potent vasorelaxant, and its deficiency is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Cystathionine beta-synthase, cystathionine gamma-lyase, and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase catalyze H(2)S(More)
High levels of homocysteine have been implicated as a cardiovascular risk factor in the general population and in patients with chronic renal failure, and particularly patients on hemodialysis. To classify a risk factor as causally related to a certain disease, both strong epidemiologic data and sound basic-science studies establishing a mechanism are(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is present in the majority of well-nourished chronic renal failure and uremic patients. Most observations reported in the literature come from studies carried out in end-stage renal disease patients treated with hemodialysis. The underlying mechanisms of the toxic effects of homocysteine in uremia related to cardiovascular disease and(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrogen sulphide, H(2)S, is the third endogenous gas with putative cardiovascular properties, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S is a vasorelaxant, while H(2)S deficiency is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) and 3-mercaptopyruvate(More)
BACKGROUND Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a chemokine locally and systemically augmented in psoriasis. A single nucleotide polymorphism in MCP-1 promoter region -2518A→G is associated with higher gene expression. OBJECTIVE The aim was to evaluate MCP-1 plasma level in psoriatic patients and to relate any association in plasmatic and(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent cardiovascular risk factor, according to most observational studies and to studies using the Mendelian randomization approach, utilizing the common polymorphism C677T of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase. In contrast, the most recent secondary preventive intervention studies, in the general population and in chronic(More)
SUMMARY (A) A reduced activity of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), a key enzyme of assembly/secretion of lipoproteins, is related to HCV steatosis. Host genetic background may influence development of steatosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between MTP-493 G/T gene polymorphism, fat liver accumulation and fibrosis(More)