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This article deals with many options in utilizing drugs commonly used in the therapy of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), their doses and recommended durations of treatment. In addition, it discusses general and specific accompanying measures related to the decrease in prevalence, relapses and recurrences of UTIs, including some of the factors(More)
Since 2005, the Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Viral Hepatitis under the Health Surveillance Secretariat in Brazil's Ministry of Health has approved a testing algorithm for using rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests in the country. Given the constant emergence of new rapid HIV(More)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most frequent diseases in medical practice. Some definitions and epidemiology of UTI and bacteriuria are discussed, as well as host susceptibility and defense mechanisms. Aspects of infection in young women and in the elderly are reported, emphasizing microbiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects. Finally,(More)
Urinary tract infections are of great importance during pregnancy owing to undesirable complications such as fetal and maternal morbidity. This paper describes the functional alterations that occur in this condition and predispose to infection. Clinical presentation and subsidiary diagnosis are discussed, including asymptomatic bacteriuria, cystitis and(More)
SETTING Mozambique, one of the world's high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries, has conducted only one national-level drug resistance survey, in 2007-2008. OBJECTIVE To determine the drug resistance patterns of laboratory-confirmed TB cases. DESIGN This was a population-level survey conducted over a 1-year period in the district of Manhiça. All(More)
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