Rosangela Costa Lima

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AIM To assess the association between weight gain at different time periods during childhood and measures of adiposity in late adolescence. METHODS A population-based birth cohort carried out in Pelotas, a 320 000-inhabitant city in a relatively developed area in Southern Brazil. All newborns in the city's hospitals were enrolled in 1982. Weight gain from(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE To investigate socioeconomic, gestational and early life exposures as potential determinants of total height, leg and trunk length. SUBJECTS/METHODS Male subjects from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were examined in 1986 at home, and in 2000 when registering at the local army base. The follow-up rate was 79%. Standing and sitting(More)
AIM To assess the effect of weight gain in childhood on blood lipid levels in adolescence. METHODS A population-based birth cohort carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil. All newborns in the city's hospitals were enrolled in 1982. The subjects have been followed up for several times in childhood. At age 18, 79% of all males were followed, and 2083 blood(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting findings on the risk of obesity among subjects born by caesarean section have been published. Caesarean section should also increase the risk of obesity related cardiovascular risk factors if type of delivery is associated with obesity later in life. This study was aimed at assessing the effect of type of delivery on metabolic(More)
The fetal origins hypothesis states that nutritional deprivation in utero affects fetal development and contributes to the incidence of diseases associated with the metabolic syndrome in later life. This study investigated whether haemoglobin (Hb) A(1c), an indicator of blood glucose, varied among healthy male adolescents according to their fetal growth(More)
Given the growing recognition of the importance of the life course approach for the determination of chronic diseases, birth cohort studies are becoming increasingly important. This paper describes the methods used in the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study, one of the largest and longest studies of this type in developing countries. All 5,914 hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for hypertension, and abdominal fat in particular has been more strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases and its prevalence has increased in Brazilian indigenous populations. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension among indigenous women and its association with(More)
Upper gastrointestinal (GI) motility inhibition after spinal cord injury has been classically considered to result from autonomic dysreflexia (AD). Animal models have been designed in rats to evaluate the presence of AD induced by colonic or bladder distension. However, there are no animal models of AD induced by gastric distension (GD). We examined whether(More)
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