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Transcriptional factors and signalling molecules from intracellular metabolism modulate a complex set of events during brain development. Neurotransmitter and neuromodulator synthesis and their receptor expressions vary according to different stages of brain development. The dynamics of signalling systems is often accompanied by alterations in enzyme(More)
In fishes, arsenic (As) is absorbed via the gills and is capable of causing disturbance to the antioxidant system. The objective of present study was to evaluate antioxidant responses after As exposure in gills of zebrafish (Danio rerio, Cyprinidae). Fish were exposed for 48 h to three concentration of As, including the highest As concentration allowed by(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that excessive iron in selective regions of the brain may be involved in the etiology of neurodegenerative disorders. Accordingly, increased levels of iron have been described in brain regions of patients in Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. We have characterized neonatal iron loading in rodents as a novel experimental(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal caffeine intake on the neuromotor development of rat offspring and on acetylcholine degradation and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expression in the hippocampus of 14-day-old infant rats. Rat dams were treated with caffeine (0.3g/L) throughout gestation and lactation until the pups were 14(More)
The neonate opioid system has been frequently investigated, and studies have shown that exposure to drugs in early life can have implications for nervous system development. It has been proposed that adenosine is involved in opioid antinociception, and ATP is involved in central and peripheral mechanisms of nociception. Extracellular nucleotides can be(More)
Here we have investigated the effects of maternal caffeine intake (1 g/l) on MK-801-induced hyperlocomotion in rat pups. Animals submitted to caffeine treatment during the gestational and lactational period were separated in two groups: caffeine-treated group (up to 21 days old) and washout group (caffeine treatment up to 7 days old). MK-801 (0.25 mg/kg,(More)
The psychostimulant caffeine promotes behavioral effects such as hyperlocomotion, anxiety, and disruption of sleep by blockade of adenosine receptors. The availability of extracellular adenosine depends on its release by transporters or by the extracellular ATP catabolism performed by the ecto-nucleotidase pathway. This study verified the effect of caffeine(More)
Imbalances in glutamatergic signaling have been proposed as the cause of several neurological disturbances. The use of MK-801, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, to mimic features of these neurological disorders is effective both in mammals and in fish. However, the variability of the subunits comprising the NMDA receptor during development(More)
Nucleotide-metabolizing enzymes play important roles in the regulation of intracellular and extracellular nucleotide levels. We studied ATPase activity in the nervous ganglia of Phyllocaulis soleiformis, a terrestrial slug. The ATPase was divalent cation-dependent, with a maximal rate for ATP hydrolysis at pH 6.0 and 7.2 in the presence of Ca(2+) (5 mM).(More)
Hyperargininemia is an inborn error of metabolism (IEM) characterized by tissue accumulation of arginine (Arg). Mental retardation and other neurological features are common symptoms in hyperargininemic patients. Considering purinergic signaling has a crucial role from the early stages of development and underlying mechanisms of this disease are poorly(More)