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OBJECTIVES We compared the risk of stent thrombosis (ST) after drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS), and tested the hypothesis that the risk of DES thrombosis is related to stent length. BACKGROUND Whether DES increase the risk of ST remains unclear. Given the very low restenosis rate after drug-eluting stenting, longer stents are(More)
OBJECTIVES This study reports a comparative assessment of the hemodynamic relevance of myocardial bridges (MB) using two modalities of fractional flow reserve (FFR), with and without concomitant inotropic challenge. BACKGROUND Extravascular coronary compression by means of MB is modulated by myocardial inotropism and causes intracoronary systolic pressure(More)
Inhibition of the P2Y12 pathway by the platelet antagonist clopidogrel is associated with a marked reduction in platelet reactivity. Recent reports have shown that P2Y12 inhibition has anti-inflammatory effects as well. However, whether clopidogrel withdrawal is associated with proaggregatory and proinflammatory effects has not yet been explored. Since(More)
OBJECTIVE Metabolic activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 has been associated with clopidogrel response variability. Because metabolic activity of CYP3A4 is genetically regulated, we hypothesized that genetic variations of this enzyme may contribute to clopidogrel response variability. METHODS AND RESULTS The CYP3A4*1B, CYP3A4*3, IVS7+258A>G, IVS7+894C>T,(More)
To assess platelet function profiles in diabetic and nondiabetic patients on aspirin and clopidogrel therapy, two patient populations were included to investigate the 1) acute effects of a 300-mg clopidogrel loading dose (group 1, n = 52) and 2) long-term effects of clopidogrel (group 2, n = 120) on platelet function in diabetic compared with nondiabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE This prospective study sought to assess the diagnostic value of optical coherence tomography (OCT) compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients presenting with stent thrombosis (ST). DESIGN AND SETTING Although the role of IVUS in this setting has been described, the potential diagnostic value of OCT in patients suffering ST remains(More)
INTRODUCTION Clopidogrel inhibits the ADP subtype P2Y(12) receptor. Recently, polymorphisms of this receptor have been associated with different degrees of platelet aggregation in healthy volunteers and have been suggested to modulate clopidogrel response. However, the role of gene sequence variations of the P2Y(12) receptor in patients treated with(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the effect of perfluorocarbon liquid ventilation (LV) on gas exchange and pulmonary function in the setting of respiratory failure and the distribution of the ventilating medium during LV when compared to gas ventilation (GV). METHODS Ten sheep, 17.3 +/- 4.2 kg in weight, underwent oleic acid induction of lung injury followed by(More)