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BACKGROUND Studies have indicated that MK-801 (a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist) participates in the long-term neural changes responsible for sensitization to stimulant drugs. It is known that repeated administration of low doses of ethanol sensitizes animals to its stimulant effect. In this work we investigated whether MK-801(More)
Abstract Rationale. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays an integral role in mediating stress responses and anxiety. However, little is known regarding the role of CRF in ethanol consumption, a behavior often associated with stress and anxiety in humans. Objective. The present study sought to determine the role of CRF in ethanol consumption, locomotor(More)
Oxidative stress has been associated with normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about oxidative stress in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients who present a high risk for developing AD. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma production of the lipid peroxidation marker, malonaldehyde (MDA) and to determine, in(More)
Rationale: The neurobiological systems that mediate the discriminative stimulus effects of self-administered drugs are largely unknown. The present study examined the discriminative stimulus effects of self-administered ethanol. Methods: Rats were trained to discriminate ethanol (1 g/kg, IP) from saline on a two-lever drug discrimination task with sucrose(More)
The effects of long-term monosialoganglioside GM1 treatment on the acute excitatory effects of ethanol and behavioural sensitization to this effect were studied, using locomotion frequency of mice observed in an open field as an experimental parameter. GM1 (30 mg/kg, once a day, for 21 days) did not modify mouse behaviour but decreased both the acute(More)
The mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system originating in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) is involved in many drug-related behaviors, including ethanol self-administration. In particular, VTA activity regulating ethanol consummatory behavior appears to be modulated through GABA(A) receptors. Previous exposure to ethanol enhances ethanol self-administration, but(More)
Baclofen, a GABA(B) agonist, reduces ethanol intake in animals and humans, but the contrary or no effect was also reported. Our previous study demonstrated that mice characterized as "loss of control over ethanol intake" had different Gabbr1 and Gabbr2 transcription levels, which express, respectively, the GABA(B1) and GABA(B2) subunits in brain areas(More)
Withdrawal from chronic ethanol consumption can be accompanied by motor seizures, which may be a result of altered GABA(A) receptor function. Recently, we have generated and characterized mice lacking the epsilon isoform of protein kinase C as being supersensitive to the behavioral and biochemical effects of positive GABA(A) receptor allosteric modulators,(More)
Fenfluramine is an anorectic drug widely used for the regulation of food intake that presents some adverse effects at the central and peripheral levels. d-Fenfluramine, an isomer of dl-fenfluramine, is postulated to be more effective and to induce less side effects than the racemic compound. These drugs act preferentially on the serotonergic system. Some(More)
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the RSA meeting in Montreal, Canada. The organizer was Andrey E. Ryabinin, and the chair was George F. Koob. The presentations were (1) Introduction, by Stephen C. Heinrichs; (2) Role of CRF and its receptors in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to alcohol, by Soon Lee and Catherine Rivier;(More)