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The discovery of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) led to the identification of cellular Src (c-Src), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, which has since been implicated in the development of numerous human cancers. c-Src has been found to be highly activated in colon cancers, particularly in those metastatic to the liver. Studies of the mechanism of c-Src regulation(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins perform key roles in mediating signaling by cytokines and growth factors, including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). In addition, Src family kinases activate STAT signaling and are required for PDGF-induced mitogenesis in normal cells. One STAT family member, Stat3, has been shown to(More)
Voltage-gated Na(+) channels (VGSC) have been implicated in the metastatic potential of human breast, prostate, and lung cancer cells. Specifically, the SCN5A gene encoding the VGSC isotype Na(v)1.5 has been defined as a key driver of human cancer cell invasion. In this study, we examined the expression and function of VGSCs in a panel of colon cancer cell(More)
Tumor progression is a multistep process, which enables cells to evolve from benign to malignant tumors. This progression has been suggested to depend on six essential characteristics identified as the "hallmarks of cancer," which include: self-sufficiency in growth signals, insensitivity to growth-inhibitory signals, evasion of apoptosis, limitless(More)
BACKGROUND New tumor markers and markers of tumor progression are needed for improved staging and for better assessment of treatment of many cancers. Gene expression profiling techniques offer the opportunity to discover such markers. We investigated the feasibility of sample pooling strategy in combination with a novel analysis algorithm to identify(More)
Loss of p53 function by mutation is common in cancer. However, most natural p53 mutations occur at a late stage in tumor development, and many clinically detectable cancers have reduced p53 expression but no p53 mutations. It remains to be fully determined what mechanisms disable p53 during malignant initiation and in cancers without mutations that directly(More)
Recent data suggest that signal transduction may have a critical role in the development and regulation of the metastatic phenotype. Here, we investigated the role of c-Src activation in the process of human colon cancer metastasis to the liver. Our data, derived from two different sets of human colon cancer cell line metastatic variants, suggest that not(More)
Weekly treatment with low-dose oral methotrexate (MTX) was compared with daily auranofin (AUR) treatment in a 36-week double-blind, randomized, multicenter study of 281 patients with active, adult-onset rheumatoid arthritis. Both treatment groups showed significant improvement by the usual measures of clinical efficacy. The response with MTX occurred(More)