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Recent advances in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of congenital hypothyroid goiter in cog/cog mice, have raised important questions concerning the maturation of thyroglobulin (the thyroid prohormone) in certain human kindreds with congenital goiter. We have now examined affected siblings from two unrelated families that synthesize an apparently(More)
Many aspects of thyroid nodule evaluation and management remain controversial. Widespread application of ultrasonography has resulted in frequent discovery of incidental nodules in the general population which has created a management dilemma for physicians. In this paper we have introduced a novel approach for evaluation of solid nodules, using an index(More)
The aims of these recommendations were to develop clinical guidelines for evaluation and management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer applicable to Latin American countries. The panel was composed by 13 members of the Latin American Thyroid Society (LATS) involved with research and management of thyroid cancer from different medical centers in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) and iodine-induced hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical), and goiter in a population exposed to excessive iodine intake for 5 years (table salt iodine concentrations: 40-100 mg/kg salt). Design This was a population-based, cross-sectional study with 1085(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years) who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with very large multinodular goitres, frequently found among elderly people, often suffering from cardiovascular or other disabling disorders, may be considered as unsuitable for surgery. We have evaluated the feasibility of relatively high-dose 131I therapy in such patients. As subclinical or clinical hyperthyroidism is commonly found in(More)
PURPOSE Our objective was to establish thyroid volume by sonography in Brazilian schoolchildren and to correlate thyroid volume with anthropometric characteristics. METHODS Sonographic studies of thyroid volume were conducted in 1,977 schoolchildren (6-14 years old) from 21 villages and towns in Central Brazil. Iodine concentration was analyzed in urine(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules using ultrasound studies and cytology of nodular aspirates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS 2,468 patients with thyroid nodules were examined from 1999 to 2005. All patients were clinically examined and underwent ultrasonography followed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and cytology. RESULTS(More)