Rosalind U van Stolk

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BACKGROUND Laboratory and epidemiologic data suggest that aspirin has an antineoplastic effect in the large bowel. METHODS We performed a randomized, double-blind trial of aspirin as a chemopreventive agent against colorectal adenomas. We randomly assigned 1121 patients with a recent history of histologically documented adenomas to receive placebo (372(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Laboratory, clinical, and epidemiologic evidence suggests that calcium may help prevent colorectal adenomas. We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial of the effect of supplementation with calcium carbonate on the recurrence of colorectal adenomas. We randomly assigned 930 subjects (mean age, 61 years; 72 percent men) with a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Colonoscopic polypectomy is considered effective for preventing colorectal cancer (CRC), but the incidence of cancer in patients under colonoscopic surveillance has rarely been investigated. We determined the incidence of CRC in patients under colonoscopic surveillance and examined the circumstances and risk factors for CRC and adenoma(More)
A review of the endoscopy reports and pathology results from esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) of all patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) undergoing such an examination was performed. Two hundred forty-seven patients were identified, with an overall prevalence of duodenal adenomas of 66 percent and of fundic gland polyps of 61 percent.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS All patients with colorectal adenomas may not require identical follow-up. We aimed to determine if adenoma characteristics at initial colonoscopy could predict adenoma recurrence or characteristics at follow-up. METHODS The number of adenomas and the size, type, and degree of atypia in 479 patients in a polyp prevention trial were(More)
BACKGROUND Three-year colonoscopic surveillance after initial polypectomy may not be required for all patients. Those with multiple baseline polyps and large adenomas, implicated as predictors of colon cancer, merit close observation. Conversely, patients with single small adenomas may be subjected to early endoscopic surveillance unnecessarily. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic surveillance is recommended for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) because of the high prevalence of duodenal adenomas and the risk of periampullary cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the natural history of untreated duodenal and ampullary adenomas in FAP patients during surveillance. METHODS One hundred(More)
Experimental and observational findings suggest that calcium intake may protect against colorectal neoplasia. To investigate this hypothesis, we conducted a randomized, double-blind trial of colorectal adenoma recurrence. Nine hundred thirty patients with a recent history of colorectal adenomas were randomly given calcium carbonate (3 gm daily; 1200 mg(More)
Dieulafoy's vascular malformation is an underdiagnosed cause of massive, often recurrent upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Attempted endoscopic treatment of Dieulafoy's lesion has been recommended prior to surgery in many instances, but may occasionally be employed as primary therapy in patients that are not considered good "operative risks." Although(More)