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The current study has investigated the influence of esterase activity (80-400units/ml) on the biodegradation of polycarbonate-urethanes (PCNUs) by cholesterol esterase (CE), with a particular interest in studying the influence of different hard segment structures and their contribution to sensitizing the polymer towards enzyme catalyzed hydrolysis.(More)
Enzyme-induced liberation of components from seven different radiolabeled polyurethanes was monitored by radiolabel counting of the incubation solutions and product isolation by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The polyurethanes were selected to reflect variations in the hard-segment chemistry, soft-segment chemistry, and polyurethane(More)
Isolated cell systems of human neutrophils (PMNs) and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) were used to compare the destructive potential of these cells during the acute and chronic phases of inflammation, respectively. The contrast in the damage to poly(urethane)s (PUs) was monitored by measuring radiolabel release elicited from a(More)
Monocytes adherent to implanted biomaterials differentiate into macrophages while synthesizing large amounts of degradative enzymes, including cholesterol esterase (CE), which previously has been shown to degrade poly(urethane)s. Human peripheral blood monocytes were cultured on tissue culture grade polystyrene (PS), and two model poly(urethane)s were(More)
Presently, there is a lack of fundamental understanding regarding changes in collagen's molecular state due to mechanical damage. The bovine tail tendon (BTT; steers approximately 30 months) was characterized and used as an in vitro model for investigating the effect of tensile mechanical overload on collagen susceptibility to proteolysis by acetyltrypsin(More)
Red cell concentrates (RCC) are stored for 35 to 42 days in plastic containers manufactured with the liquid plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP). DEHP leaches from the polyvinylchloride (PVC) plastic bag, then binds to and stabilizes the RC membrane. This study was undertaken to determine the deformability of the RC membrane using an osmotic(More)
After almost half a century of use in the health field, polyurethanes (PUs) remain one of the most popular group of biomaterials applied for medical devices. Their popularity has been sustained as a direct result of their segmented block copolymeric character, which endows them with a wide range of versatility in terms of tailoring their physical(More)
Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) enzymes participate in a potent inflammatory pathway through the liberation of arachidonic acid upon hydrolysis of membrane glycerophospholipids. The presence of implanted polycarbonate-urethane (PCNU) materials, used in several medical applications, has the ability to influence inflammatory responses of human macrophages that(More)
Enzyme-induced liberation of hard-segment-containing components from polyurethanes was evaluated using two 14C-labeled polyurethanes. A polyester urea-urethane and polyether urea-urethane were synthesized from toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI)/polycaprolactone diol (PCL) or TDI/polyethylene glycol (PEO) with 14C-labeled ethylene diamine. Both materials were(More)
The optimal technique for donor heart protection remains controversial. One component of preservation is the transport solution. Although saline solution is most frequently used as a transport medium, other crystalloid solutions may be superior. Accordingly, human right atrial trabeculae contracting isometrically in vitro were used to assess five(More)