Rosalind S. Labow

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In order to impart flexibility, plastic medical devices incorporate liquid plasticizers into their structure. Data from several laboratories, including ours, have shown that these compounds leach from blood bags and tubing during collection of blood, storage of various blood components and during kidney dialysis and cell and plasma apheresis procedures.(More)
The monocyte-derived macrophage (MDM), present at biomaterial implantations, can increase, decrease or redirect the inflammatory and subsequent wound healing process associated with the presence of a biomaterial. Understanding MDM responses to biomaterials is important for improved prediction and design of biomaterials for tissue engineering. This study(More)
In tissue engineering, the ability to manipulate scaffold design characteristics is important to achieve functional tissue regeneration. In this study, degradable polar hydrophobic ionic polyurethane (D-PHI) porous scaffolds were synthesized using a lysine-based divinyl oligomer (DVO). Optimization studies on the DVO and D-PHI scaffold synthesis were(More)
Using glucocerebroside labeled with carbon 14 as the substrate, we determined that homogenates of brain tissue from both neuropathic and nonneuropathic cases of Gaucher's disease were profoundly deficient (more than 85%) in glucocerebrosidase activity. The beta-glucosidase activity, as measured with 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside as the(More)
There is evidence that the carcinogenic and teratogenic effects attributed to the plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) are due to its major metabolite mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP). MEHP is also formed ex vivo by a plasma enzyme in blood products stored in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) DEHP plastic containers. People who receive large amounts of(More)
Trabeculae isolated from human atrial appendages have been used to study preservation of donor hearts for cardiac transplantation. We have developed a perifusion system equipped with a fiber optic strain gauge to study mechanical performance of human atrial trabeculae (10-20 mg) while simultaneously observing the energetic compounds by 31P NMR spectroscopy.(More)
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), the plasticizer used in the biomedical production of blood storage bags, hemodialysis systems, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuitry, and intubation tubes, is extracted from the plastic material when it comes into contact with biological fluids and is converted to its principal metabolite, mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(More)
Although 19-hydroxy-4beta,5-oxido-5beta-androstane-3,17 dione (2a) is converted to estradiol-17beta by human placental microsomes, the incubation of 17beta-hydroxy-4beta,5-oxido-5beta-androstan-3-one (2b) under the same conditions produces only metabolites which are more polar than 17beta-estradiol. The metabolites have been isolated and identified as(More)
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