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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of chronic pain or discomfort after laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair and open mesh repair of groin hernia, and to assess the impact of such pain on patients' physical activity. METHODS A postal questionnaire was sent to patients who had TEP or open mesh repair of groin hernia(More)
PURPOSE The steroid hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 is thought to protect against breast cancer. The actions of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 are mediated via the vitamin D receptor (VDR), and a number of polymorphisms in the VDR gene have been identified. These result in distinct genotypes, some of which may alter susceptibility to breast cancer. We have(More)
BACKGROUND Significant associations between caseload and surgical outcomes highlight the conflict between local cancer care and the need for centralization. This study examined the effect of hospital volume on short-term outcomes and survival, adjusting for the effect of surgeon caseload. METHODS Between 1998 and 2002, 8219 patients with colorectal cancer(More)
To evaluate the symptomatic outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a standard symptom questionnaire was sent to three patient groups at least 1 year after surgery: 115 patients had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy; 200 had undergone open cholecystectomy; and 200 had had inguinal hernia repair. Return of questionnaires was higher after(More)
AIMS To review our institution's practice of treatment of a mammographically detected population of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) patients and to determine the outcome. METHODS Between April 1989 and March 1994, 304 women with median age 59 years (range 51-65) with DCIS detected on screening mammogram, were treated in the Newcastle General and Royal(More)
Phospholipase A and lysophospholipase activities were measured in the culture fluid and in the blastospores of Candida albicans. When phospholipase activity was measured in six yeasts (four strains of C. albicans and a single strain each of Candida parapsilosis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae) a correlation was found between this activity and two potential(More)
Low levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) have been found separately to increase risk of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine whether low 25(OH)D levels, alone and in combination with BsmI VDR genotype, increased breast cancer risk in a United Kingdom (UK) Caucasian population.(More)
The spleen may be removed by a laparoscopic technique, although the benefits and associated morbidity of this approach are unknown. This study reports a series of 28 consecutive patients (15 women; median age 39 (range 17-84) years) considered for laparoscopic splenectomy, because of idiopathic thrombocytopenia in 14, human immunodeficiency virus-related(More)
Cyclic guanosine 3',5' monophosphate (cyclic GMP) and cyclic adenosine 3',5' monophosphate (cyclic AMP) have been determined in random urine specimens from 95 healthy individuals, 60 patients with non-cancerous conditions, 52 patients with benign tumours, and 74 patients with malignant tumours. Concentrations of cyclic GMP have also been determined in a(More)