Rosalind Arden

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Many studies of creative cognition with a neuroimaging component now exist; what do they say about where and how creativity arises in the brain? We reviewed 45 brain-imaging studies of creative cognition. We found little clear evidence of overlap in their results. Nearly as many different tests were used as there were studies; this test diversity makes it(More)
a Social, Genetic, Developmental & Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom b School of Education, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 USA c Psychology Department, Logan Hall 160, University of New Mexico, MSC03 2220 Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA d Department of Pathology, School of Medicine,(More)
Available online xxxx We suggest that an over-arching ‘fitness factor’ (an index of general genetic quality that predicts survival and reproductive success) partially explains the observed associations between health outcomes and intelligence. As a proof of concept, we tested this idea in a sample of 3654 US Vietnam veterans aged 31–49 who completed five(More)
Article history: Received 10 May 2015 Received in revised form 19 January 2016 Accepted 19 January 2016 Available online 3 February 2016 Hundreds of studies have shown that, in people, cognitive abilities overlap yielding anunderlying ‘g’ factor, which explainsmuch of the variance.We assessed individual differences in cognitive abilities in 68 border(More)
Investigating associations between personality and reproductive fitness may reveal the adaptive significance of human behavioural traits. What we dub ‘solid-citizenship’ personality characteristics such as self-control, diligence and responsibility may repay study from an evolutionary perspective as they protect against negative life-outcomes. We explored(More)
Human facial attractiveness and facial sexual dimorphism (masculinity-femininity) are important facets of mate choice and are hypothesized to honestly advertise genetic quality. However, it is unclear whether genes influencing facial attractiveness and masculinity-femininity have similar, opposing, or independent effects across sex, and the heritability of(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies in the new field of cognitive epidemiology have shown that higher intelligence predicts longer lifespan. This positive correlation might arise from socioeconomic status influencing both intelligence and health; intelligence leading to better health behaviours; and/or some shared genetic factors influencing both intelligence and(More)
A significant body of evidence has accumulated suggesting that individual variation in intellectual ability, whether assessed directly by intelligence tests or indirectly through proxy measures, is related to risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) in later life. Important questions remain unanswered, however, such as the specificity of risk for AD vs.(More)
We recently found positive correlations between human general intelligence and three key indices of semen quality, and hypothesized that these correlations arise through a phenotype-wide 'general fitness factor' reflecting overall mutation load. In this addendum we consider some of the biochemical pathways that may act as targets for pleiotropic mutations(More)