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After selective destruction of Leydig cells in mature rats with ethylene dimethane sulfonate (EDS), repopulation of Leydig cells occurs. This repopulation process was studied in normal and sterile (prenatally irradiated) rats using morphological and histochemical techniques and by measuring hormone concentrations. Three days after administration of EDS to(More)
The impact of nutritional status during fetal life on the overall health of adults has been recognized; however, dietary effects on the developing immune system are largely unknown. Development of secondary lymphoid organs occurs during embryogenesis and is considered to be developmentally programmed. Secondary lymphoid organ formation depends on a subset(More)
Effects of ethane dimethyl sulfonate (EDS) on Leydig cells have been studied using the following parameters: morphology, histochemistry of 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3 beta-HSD) and esterase, quantitative activity of esterase, testosterone concentrations in plasma, and steroid production by isolated interstitial cells in vitro. Degenerating Leydig(More)
The vitamin A metabolite retinoic acid (RA) plays a crucial role in mucosal immune responses. We demonstrate in this study that RA-producing retinaldehyde dehydrogenase (RALDH) enzymes are postnatally induced in mesenteric lymph node (MLN) dendritic cells (DCs) and MLN stromal cells. RALDH enzyme activity in lamina propria-derived CD103(+) MLN-DCs did not(More)
Changes in diet and microbiota have determining effects on the function of the mucosal immune system. For example, the active metabolite of vitamin A, retinoic acid (RA), has been described to maintain homeostasis in the intestine by its influence on both lymphocytes and myeloid cells. Additionally, innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), important producers of(More)
T cells are imprinted to express tissue-specific homing receptors upon activation in tissue-draining lymph nodes, resulting in their migration to the site of Ag entry. Expression of gut-homing molecules alpha(4)beta(7) and CCR9 is induced by retinoic acid, a vitamin A metabolite produced by retinal dehydrogenases, which are specifically expressed in(More)
Tissue-specific homing of effector and memory T cells to skin and small intestine requires the imprinting of specific combinations of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors by dendritic cells in the draining lymph nodes. In this study, we demonstrate that CD8(+) T cells activated by Ag-pulsed bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were induced to express(More)
Expression of CD200, the gene encoding the ligand for the inhibitory immune receptor CD200R, is an independent prognostic factor for various forms of leukemia predicting worse overall survival of the patients. The enhanced expression of CD200 on the tumors implies that anti-tumor responses can be enhanced by blockage of the CD200-CD200R interaction. Indeed,(More)