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We evaluated the beneficial effect of treatment with bone marrow mononuclear cells(BMMC) in a rat model of focal ischemia induced by thermocoagulation of the blood vessels in the left sensorimotor cortex. BMMC were obtained from donor rats and injected into the femoral vein one day after ischemia. BMMC-treated animals received approx. 3×10⁷ cells and(More)
Transplantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) has been proven safe in animal and human studies. However, there are very few studies in stroke patients. In this study, intra-arterial autologous BMMCs were infused in patients with moderate to severe acute middle cerebral artery infarcts. The subjects of this study included 20 patients(More)
Brain topography may have its earliest expression as spatial gradients of molecules controlling the deposition of neurones and neuronal processes. In the vertebrate visual system there is evidence that the stereotyped alignment of central retinal projections relies on an initial spatially organized distribution of molecules in both the retina and its(More)
We have shown previously that the Jones monoclonal antibody (Jones mAb) recognizes 9-O-acetyl GD3 expressed during periods of neuronal migration and neurite outgrowth in the developing rat nervous system. In the present study we investigated the expression of this ganglioside in the developing cerebellum and correlated this expression with granule cell(More)
We analyzed the potential input and output components of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing neurons in the rat superior colliculus (SC). To identify whether NOS-positive neurons receive glutamatergic input we investigated the colocalization of NOS with NMDA receptor subunit R1 (NMDAR1). In addition, to examine whether putative nitric oxide synthesizing(More)
The JONES monoclonal antibody has been immunocytochemically associated with regions of the developing rat brain where cell and axon migrations are occurring (Mendez-Otero et al., 1986, 1988). In the present study the antigens recognized by the JONES antibody were analyzed in a variety of brain regions and at developmental ages selected to correspond to the(More)
Glial markers, namely, vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and glycogen, as well as accumulation of axon-borne horseradish peroxidase (HRP), were used to visualize radial glial cells in the developing opossum superior colliculus (SC) and to follow changes in young astrocytes of the superficial layers. Vimentin, GFAP, and glycogen are(More)
Bone marrow-derived cells have been used in different animal models of neurological diseases. We investigated the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) injected into the vitreous body in a model of optic nerve injury. Adult (3-5 months old) Lister Hooded rats underwent unilateral optic nerve crush followed by injection of MSC or the vehicle(More)
Immediate early gene expression in the CNS is induced by sensory stimulation and seems to be involved in long-term synaptic plasticity. We have used an immunohistochemical method to detect the nerve growth factor-induced gene A (NGFI-A) protein expression in the superficial layers of the rat superior colliculus during postnatal development. Our goal was to(More)
The beneficial effect of treatment with bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) was evaluated in different therapeutic windows in a rat model of focal ischemia induced by thermocoagulation of the blood vessels in the left motor, somestesic, and sensorimotor cortices. We also compared the therapeutic benefits between BMMCs and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal(More)