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We have investigated the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (D3) and/or transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta on one monocytic (U-937) and two human promyelocytic (HL-60 and AML-193) leukemic cell lines. D3 addition induces a partial monocytic maturation of the cell lines, whereas TGF-beta treatment is largely ineffective. Combined treatment with TGF-beta(More)
We have evaluated the expression of growth factor receptors (GFRs) on early hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) purified from human adult peripheral blood and induced in liquid suspension culture to unilineage differentiation/maturation through the erythroid (E), granulocytic (G), megakaryocytic (Mk), or monocytic (Mo) lineage. The receptors for basic(More)
In 2004, the integrated European project GEHA (Genetics of Healthy Ageing) was initiated with the aim of identifying genes involved in healthy ageing and longevity. The first step in the project was the recruitment of more than 2500 pairs of siblings aged 90 years or more together with one younger control person from 15 areas in 11 European countries(More)
The goal of adoptive immunotherapy is the stimulation of host antitumor immunity, either cellular or humoral. The introduction of recombinant human cytokines into clinical oncology represents a new useful tool for the development of new strategies of antitumor immunotherapy. This article describes the current clinical status of IL-2 in the therapy of human(More)
Four patients out of twenty with renal cancer and melanoma undergoing cancer immunotherapy with interleukin 2 (IL-2) and interferon alpha-2 (IFN-alpha 2) had laboratory evidence of hypothyroidism starting at cycle three to six, with a decline in serum thyroxine below normal and, in three cases, a rise in serum thyrotropin and thyroglobulin. One hypothyroid(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by a t(15;17) chromosomal translocation with breakpoints within the retinoic acid alpha receptor (RAR alpha) gene on 17 and the PML gene, which encodes a putative transcription factor, on 15. A PML-RAR alpha fusion protein is formed as a consequence of the translocation. We show here that expression of the(More)
We have analyzed the differentiation program of a U937 promonocytic leukemia clone transduced with the acute promyelocytic leukemia specific PML/RAR alpha fusion gene, the expression of which is under the control of the inducible metallothionine (MT) I promoter (MTPR9 clone). MTPR9 cells treated with Zn2+ hence exhibit levels of PML-RAR alpha protein as(More)
We have analyzed the differentiation program of growth factor-dependent TF-1 erythroleukemia cells as well as clones with inducible expression of the APL-specific PML/RARalpha protein. We have shown that TF-1 cells may be induced to megakaryocytic differentiation by phorbol ester (phorbol dibutyrate, PDB) addition, particularly when combined with(More)
Serum concentration kinetics of gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma), neopterin, 2'-5' A synthetase and tumor necrosis factor alpha were determined in five cancer patients undergoing adoptive immunotherapy with high-dose interleukin 2 (IL-2) bolus infusion and lymphokine-activated killer cells according to the National Cancer Institute, NIH protocol. In all cases a(More)
As early as 10-15 min after the start of a 30 min interleukin-2 (IL-2) infusion, a rapid, virtually complete disappearance of all natural killer (NK) lymphocyte subpopulations (including both CD3- CD56+ and CD3+ CD56+ cells with either alpha/beta or gamma/delta T-cell receptor) was observed from peripheral blood. In contrast, the number of T lymphocytes(More)