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Recent results have shown that apoptosis is an important feature of the normal and injured lung epithelium, but little conclusive evidence is available about the exact intracellular mechanisms involved. In this work, we studied apoptotic cell death in the established human lung epithelial cell line, A549, by evaluating the ability of the pulmonary toxin,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a signaling molecule implicated in a spectrum of cellular processes including neuronal differentiation. The signaling pathway triggered by NO in physiological processes involves the activation of soluble guanylate cyclase and S-nitrosylation of proteins, and, as recently proposed, nitration of tyrosine residues in proteins. However,(More)
Dysfunction of the microtubule system is emerging as a contributing factor in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Looking for the potential role played by the microtubule cytoskeleton in neuron degeneration underlying Parkinson's disease (PD), we investigate the influence of the parkinsonism producing neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) on(More)
The microtubular system is emerging as a cell target in neurodegeneration evoked by the Parkinsonism-inducing neurotoxin N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its toxic metabolite N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)). Looking for a direct effect of the neurotoxin on microtubules, we have undertaken an in vitro study by using microtubule(More)
Cytoskeletal proteins have been reported as constituents of cytoplasmic inclusions typical of degenerated neurones in Parkinson's disease and, in addition, the involvement of cytoskeleton in the mechanism of action of the parkinsonism-producing neurotoxin MPP+ is emerging. Here we investigate the influence of MPP+ on the dynamic behaviour of microtubules.(More)
Indirect immunofluorescencc, rhodamine-phalloidin staining and immunoelectron microscopy performed with the on-grid postembedding immunostaining of Lowicryl K4M sections, were used to identify actin in the branchial epithelium of the lower chordate ascidians. The ciliated cells of these invertebrates present two distinct junctional patterns. One consists(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a precursor of reactive nitrating species, peroxynitrite and nitrogen dioxide, which modify proteins to generate oxidized species such as 3-nitrotyrosine that has been used as a hallmark of peroxynitrite-mediated oxidative stress on proteins. In the last few years however, a growing body of evidence indicates that NO also regulates a(More)
Among the myriad of cellular functions played by nitric oxide in the brain, there is increasing evidence that nitric oxide might be a primary player in the program of neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation. We have recently reported that tyrosine nitration of proteins is implicated in the signaling pathway triggered by nitric oxide during NGF-induced(More)
Tyrosine nitration of proteins is emerging as a post-translational modification playing a role in physiological conditions. Looking for the molecular events triggered by nitric oxide in nerve growth factor-induced neuronal differentiation, we now find that nitration occurs on the microtubule-associated protein tau. In differentiated PC12 cells, we have(More)
Wound repair in planarians is mainly characterized by two cell-migratory events involving the epidermis adjacent to the wound and its basement membrane. The first event is the migration of epidermal cells to cover the wound surface; the second one is the migration of newly differentiating replacement epidermal cells from the parenchyma to the epidermis. In(More)