Rosalba Ciulla

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Methanococcus igneus, a hyperthermophilic marine methanogen (optimum growth temperature of 88 degrees C) with a 25-min doubling time, synthesizes an unusual inositol phosphodiester which is present at high intracellular concentrations along with l-alpha-glutamate and beta-glutamate. Identification of this compound as a dimeric inositol phosphodiester(More)
Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus, a thermophilic methanogenic archaeon, produces and accumulates beta-glutamate and L-alpha-glutamate as osmolytes when grown in media with <1 M NaCl. When the organism is adapted to grow in >1 M NaCl, a new zwitterionic solute, N(epsilon)-acetyl-beta-lysine, is synthesized and becomes the dominant osmolyte. Several(More)
The identity and concentrations of intracellular organic solutes were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for two strains of aerobic, gram-negative bacteria isolated from Mono Lake, Calif., an alkaline, moderately hypersaline lake. Ectoine (1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidinecarboxylic acid) was the major endogenous solute in both(More)
In vivo NMR studies of the thermophilic archaeon Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus, with sodium formate as the substrate for methanogenesis, were used to monitor formate utilization, methane production, and osmolyte pool synthesis and turnover under different conditions. The rate of formate conversion to CO2 and H2 decreased for cells adapted to higher(More)
When sucrose is present in the external medium, it is internalized by Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus. Sucrose internalization, as determined by both natural abundance (sup13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and [(sup14)C]sucrose uptake, is directly proportional to external sucrose levels. The uptake is energy independent and exhibits kinetic(More)
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum delta H and Marburg were adapted to grow in medium containing up to 0.65 M NaCl. From 0.01 to 0.5 M NaCl, there was a lag before cell growth which increased with increasing external NaCl. The effect of NaCl on methane production was not significant once the cells began to grow. Intracellular solutes were monitored by(More)
Natural colchicinoids and their semisynthetic derivatives are important active ingredients for pharmaceutical applications. Thiocolchicoside (3-demethoxy-3-glucosyloxythiocolchicine) is used in several countries as standard therapy for the treatment of diseases of the muscle-skeletal system, due to its potent antiinflammatory and myorelaxant properties.(More)
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