Rosalba Benvenuto

Learn More
Human activated T lymphocytes expressing class II molecules are able to present only complex antigens that bind to their own surface receptors, and thus can be captured, internalized, and processed through the class II major histocompatibility complex processing pathway. We have used the antigen-presenting T cell system to identify the viral receptor used(More)
T cell clones derived from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) were analysed for their capacity to produce interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 4 (IL-4), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). They were also compared with liver-infiltrating T cell clones from patients with chronic active(More)
Thymomodulin is a calf thymus acid lysate capable of inducing T lymphocyte maturation. Fifteen patients with HIV infection at different stages according to the Walter Reed classification were treated with 60 mg/day of thymomodulin syrup for more than 50 days. Two WR6B subjects had clinical and immunological parameters unchanged and died, while the patient(More)
Specific B lymphocytes can act as very efficient antigen-presenting cells. They bind antigen with high affinity via their immunoglobulin receptors, process it through the class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) pathway, and present its fragments to class II-restricted T lymphocytes. In general, exogenous antigens and noninfectious viral particles(More)
Highly purified CD4+ T cells isolated from liver biopsies of patients with hepatitis B virus-induced CAH had a strong cytotoxic activity and were comprised of a substantial number of cells (25%-40%) expressing CD56 surface marker. These cells were absent in CD4+ T cells from the peripheral blood of CAH patients or normal controls and these suspensions did(More)
The Ag specificity and cytotoxic function of human T cell clones, generated from lymphocytes infiltrating the liver of a chronic hepatitis B patient, were studied. Both class I- and class II-restricted T clones specifically proliferated to hepatitis B virus envelope proteins, but not to hepatitis B core Ag. The fine specificity of T cells was studied by(More)
Thirty T cell clones were generated from T cell blasts, infiltrating the liver of autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (CAH) patients, stimulated with autologous hepatocytes expressing class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and interleukin 2 (IL2). Sixteen clones were CD4+ and 14 were CD8+; all were CD25+ and WT31+, revealing that all cell(More)
Seventy-seven T cell clones were generated from cell blasts infiltrating rejected kidney allografts. All clones, either CD4 or CD8, displayed cytolytic activity evaluated by lectin-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (LDCC) and natural killer activities. Furthermore, both types of clones were able to produce IFN-gamma following PHA stimulation. These data(More)
In the present study, we found that human recombinant interferon-alpha (rIFN-alpha) given at a dose of 3 x 10(6) units thrice weekly for three months, and 1.5 x 10(6) units thrice weekly for the next three months, was able to restore depressed natural-killer (NK) activity to normal values in 12 out of 21 chronic hepatitis C patients positive for anti-HCV(More)