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The intestinal peptides guanylin and uroguanylin regulate the electrolyte/water transport in the gastrointestinal epithelium via activation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), the cystic fibrosis gene product. Because a major but incompletely understood function of the salivary glands is the CFTR-mediated secretion of an(More)
Naive (unsensitized) and memory (antigen-primed) T cells can be phenotypically distinguished on the basis of the high or low intensity with which they express a number of immunologically relevant lymphocyte membrane antigens, including CD45R, CDw29, UCHL1, LFA-1, LFA-3, CD2 and Pgp-1. Here we report that in contrast to the two major T cell subsets found in(More)
Intestinal motility disorders are a common complication after surgery for neonatal intestinal atresia. Although intestinal atresia causes alterations in the enteric nervous system, especially in its inner structures (nervous fibers in the mucosa, submucous and deep muscular plexuses), how these alterations develop is unclear. The chick model is a useful(More)
Lymphocytes bearing the T cell receptor gamma delta (TCR-gamma delta) were searched for in human early milk lymphocyte suspensions by two colour cytofluorimetric analysis. It was found that the proportion of TCR-gamma delta+ cells was twofold greater in colostrum than in either autologous or heterologous blood samples. Additional studies are needed to(More)
A pharmacokinetic analysis of CDPcholine has been carried out treating either rats or dogs by oral administration with the double labelled molecule. [methyl-14C,5-3H]CDPcholine represents a useful tool to test the structural integrity of this compound during the transmembrane transport and to follow the metabolic fate of cytidine and choline fragments.(More)
It is now well established that the CD30 glycoprotein is a surface antigen expressed by activated T cells producing T-helper (Th)-2-type lymphokines. Mounting laboratory evidence, however, suggests that CD30 expression is not confined to a functionally restricted subset of T cells, but also identifies activated cells with a Th-1 and Th-0 pattern of cytokine(More)
The cerebrohepatorenal syndrome of Zellweger is a congenital syndrome of multiple manifestations, including hepatomegaly and liver dysfunction. Treatment is generally of a supportive nature, aimed at improving nutrition and growth, controlling the central nervous system symptoms and limiting progression of liver disease. Because the liver disease in(More)
A patient described as a 45,X male (Forabosco et al. 1977) was examined for the presence of Y-specific DNA by using various probes detecting restriction fragments from different regions of the Y chromosome. Positive hybridization signals were obtained for Yp fragments only. In situ hybridization with two different probes, pDP31 and the pseudoautosomal probe(More)
Galanin is a brain-gut peptide that is present in the central and peripheral nervous systems. In the gut, it is contained exclusively in intrinsic and extrinsic nerve supplies, and it is involved overall in the regulation of gut motility. To obtain information about the ontogeny of galanin, we undertook an immunohistochemical study of chicken embryos. The(More)
An immunohistochemical study was conducted on the ontogeny of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-27 (PACAP) immunoreactive elements within the extrinsic and intrinsic nerve supply of the chicken embryo gut. The first PACAP-immunoreactivity was detected in the extrinsic nerve supply at E 4 within the pharyngeal region and the primary(More)