Rosa Vaccaro

Learn More
A pharmacokinetic analysis of CDPcholine has been carried out treating either rats or dogs by oral administration with the double labelled molecule. [methyl-14C,5-3H]CDPcholine represents a useful tool to test the structural integrity of this compound during the transmembrane transport and to follow the metabolic fate of cytidine and choline fragments.(More)
In the present study, we investigated the role of vasopressin in the development of quinpirole-induced hyperdipsia in the rat. We report that: (1), an acute intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 0.56 mg/kg of quinpirole increased plasma vasopressin (radioimmunoassay) at 15 min but not at 30 or 120 min; (2), nine daily injections of quinpirole (0.56 mg/kg,(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a 140 amino acids' protein, widely expressed in the nervous system of different vertebrates and closely related with several neurodegenerative disorders. Although its pathological involvement is reported from long time, its physiological function and its role in neurodegeneration is not yet clear. Disposing of two new monoclonal(More)
Galanin is a brain-gut peptide that is present in the central and peripheral nervous systems. In the gut, it is contained exclusively in intrinsic and extrinsic nerve supplies, and it is involved overall in the regulation of gut motility. To obtain information about the ontogeny of galanin, we undertook an immunohistochemical study of chicken embryos. The(More)
An immunohistochemical study was conducted on the ontogeny of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-27 (PACAP) immunoreactive elements within the extrinsic and intrinsic nerve supply of the chicken embryo gut. The first PACAP-immunoreactivity was detected in the extrinsic nerve supply at E 4 within the pharyngeal region and the primary(More)
Acetylcholine, the first neurotransmitter to be identified in the vertebrate frog, is widely distributed among the animal kingdom. The presence of a large amount of acetylcholine in the nervous system of cephalopods is well known from several biochemical and physiological studies. However, little is known about the precise distribution of cholinergic(More)
Intestinal motility disorders are an important problem in the postoperative management of patients with intestinal atresia. Intestinal motility could be initiated by luminal factors that activate intrinsic and extrinsic primary afferent nerves involved in the peristaltic reflex. Endocrine cells act as a key point, because they transfer information regarding(More)
Alpha synuclein (α-syn) is a 140 amino acid vertebrate-specific protein, highly expressed in the human nervous system and abnormally accumulated in Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, known as synucleinopathies. The common occurrence of α-syn aggregates suggested a role for α-syn in these disorders, although its biological activity(More)
The involvement of the spinal cord in parkinsonism is becoming more and more evident based on human autopsies and on experimental models, obtained using specific neurotoxins or genetic manipulations. Besides Parkinson disease, other degenerative disorders characterized by parkinsonism, involve the spinal cord, and multiple neurotransmitters, apart dopamine,(More)
To elucidate the main ontogenetic steps of galanin immunoreactivity within the extrinsic nerve supply of the alimentary tract, we undertook an immunohistochemical study of chicken embryo specimens. Fluorescence and streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase protocols were combined, using a galanin polyclonal antiserum, on transverse serial sections obtained from(More)