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Reactive species, which mainly include reactive oxygen species (ROS), are products generated as a consequence of metabolic reactions in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells. In normal cells, low-level concentrations of these compounds are required for signal transduction before their elimination. However, cancer cells, which exhibit an accelerated(More)
Membrane ion channels participate in cancerous processes such as proliferation, migration and invasion, which contribute to metastasis. Increasing evidence indicates that voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) channels are involved in the proliferation of many types of cells, including tumor cells. Kv channels have generated immense interest as a promising tool for(More)
Voltage-dependent K+ channels (Kv) are involved in the proliferation and differentiation of mammalian cells, since Kv antagonists impair cell cycle progression. Although myofibers are terminally differentiated, some myoblasts may re-enter the cell cycle and proliferate. Since Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 expression is remodeled during tumorigenesis and is involved in(More)
AIMS Benign (BPNST) and malignant (MPNST) peripheral nerve sheath tumours occur either sporadically or are related to neurofibromatosis (NF). The mechanisms involved are well known in NF-related tumours, but still remain unclear in sporadic cases. Somatic BRAF and KRAS mutations represent the most frequent genetic events in melanocytic neoplastic lesions.(More)
Voltage-dependent K(+) channels (Kv) control repolarization and membrane potential in electrically excitable cells. In addition, Kv channels are involved in the maintenance of vascular smooth muscle tone, insulin release, epithelial K(+) transport, cell proliferation and leukocyte activation. Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 are widely distributed throughout the body and(More)
BACKGROUND Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) constitutes the most common subtype of soft tissue sarcoma. However, UPS is clinically and molecularly poorly understood, in great extent due to its intrinsic phenotypic and cytogenetic complexity, which in turn results in the absence of specific prognostic or predictive biomarkers. The(More)
There is a lack of studies on somatic gene mutations and cell signaling driving penile carcinogenesis. Our objective was to analyze somatic mutations in genes downstream of EGFR in penile squamous cell carcinomas, especially the mTOR and RAS/MAPK pathways. We retrospectively analyzed somatic mutations in 10 in situ and 65 invasive penile squamous cell(More)
Because Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 K(+) channels are remodeled during tumorigenesis and participate in skeletal muscle proliferation, we analyzed their expression in human skeletal muscle sarcomas. Aggressive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) were studied. Kv1.5 expression was moderate in adult muscle and low in ERMS, whereas it(More)
Irvalec® (elisidepsin trifluoroacetate, PM02734) is a novel marine-derived cyclic peptide belonging to the Kahaladide family of compounds, currently in clinical trials with preliminary evidence of antitumor activity. Previous studies have shown a correlation between elisidepsin sensitivity and expression of the ErbB3(More)
In order to clarify the mechanisms of the eosinophilia frequently observed in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD), 18 patients and 16 age- and sex-matched controls were studied. Increased eosinophil numbers in peripheral blood and serum IgE, as well as decreased cell-mediated immunity were present in HD patients compared with control individuals. Advanced(More)