Rosa Resino

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BACKGROUND There are few data on long-term effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on weight and height in HIV-infected children. OBJECTIVES Our objective was to assess the effect of HAART on the weight and height of HIV-infected children over time in the Madrid cohort, and analyze possible factors associated with the effect. PATIENTS(More)
We performed a retrospective observational study of 253 children vertically infected with human immunodeficiency virus (1994-2001) to assess the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) on survival and surrogate markers at the population level. Children were divided into 3 groups according to the ART protocols used during the follow-up period:(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies of children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection have demonstrated sustained increases in CD4+ cell count, even when virological failure has occurred after receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), but these studies were of limited duration. Moreover, the CD4+ cell count threshold at which(More)
Background. Use of antiretroviral therapy has resulted in a decrease in morbidity and mortality rates in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected children.Methods. We performed a retrospective study involving 427 children to determine the effectiveness of different antiretroviral therapy protocols on clinical outcome. The follow-up period was(More)
Little is known about immunologic reconstitution in children on highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) during very long-term periods. A retrospective study was carried out to assess the effectiveness and development of metabolic disorders after very long-term periods on HAART in HIV-infected children with severe immunodeficiency. We included 55(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate any possible association between indicators of social inequalities and the geographical distribution of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) cases in Madrid. METHODS We carried out an observational survey of 224 HIV-1 vertically infected children born in 1980-2006 living in Madrid. We elaborated maps representing the prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of HAART may differ between children and adults because children have a developing immune system, and the long-term immunological outcome in HIV-infected children on HAART is not well-known. A major aim of our study was to determine CD4+ evolution associated with long-term VL control during 4 years of observation on HAART. METHODS(More)
In this study, we sought to characterize the changes over time at the population level on CD4(+) T cells and plasma viral load (VL) levels of HIV-1-infected children with or without AIDS. We carried out a retrospective study in 114 HIV-infected children during the calendar period that a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) protocol was used. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To determine whether viral load (VL) prior to undetectable VL has predictive value on the re-emergence of VL (> 400 copies/ml, > 5,000 copies/ml and > 30,000 copies/ml). PATIENTS AND METHOD Retrospective study carried out on 81 vertically human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children on antiretroviral therapy who were(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral treatment (ART) in children has special features and consequently, results obtained from clinical trials with antiretroviral drugs in adults may not be representative of children. Nelfinavir (NFV) is an HIV-1 Protease Inhibitor (PI) which has become as one of the first choices of PI for ART in children. We studied during a 3-year(More)