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To determine the clinicopathologic significance of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) and review the literature on this condition, we conducted a MEDLINE search of English-language articles published between 1972 and December 2003. KFD has a worldwide distribution, and Asiatic people have a higher prevalence. Its pathogenesis remains controversial. Patients are(More)
BACKGROUND Current therapies for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV co-infected patients have a low success rate and are poorly tolerated. We have evaluated the efficacy and safety of interferon alfa-2b (IFN) + ribavirin (RBV) versus pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG-INF) + RBV. METHODS Randomized, single-centre, open-label clinical trial including(More)
OBJECTIVES Prognostic stratification of patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH) may improve the clinical management and facilitate clinical trials. We aimed at developing a scoring system capable of providing prognostic stratification of patients with AH. METHODS Patients with biopsy-proven AH were prospectively included between 2000 and 2006. The(More)
UNLABELLED Portal hypertension, the most important complication in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, is a serious and life-threatening disease for which there are few therapeutic options. Because angiogenesis is a pathological hallmark of portal hypertension, the goal of this study was to determine the effects of sorafenib-a potent inhibitor of(More)
UNLABELLED Distinguishing drug-induced liver injury (DILI) from idiopathic autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) can be challenging. We performed a standardized histologic evaluation to explore potential hallmarks to differentiate AIH versus DILI. Biopsies from patients with clinically well-characterized DILI [n = 35, including 19 hepatocellular injury (HC) and 16(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Our aim was to evaluate a serologic marker (ELF) and two ultrasound-based methods (FibroScan and ARFI), as well as their combinations, in the assessment of liver fibrosis. METHODS One-hundred and forty-six patients (87 liver transplant recipients, 59 non-transplant patients) who underwent liver biopsy were prospectively included. We(More)
Helical computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used for staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prior to curative treatments but underestimate tumor extension in 30% to 50% of cases when compared with pathologic explants. This study compares a new technology, MRI angiography (MRA), with triphasic helical CT in detection of(More)
Liver biopsy is essential in the follow-up of HCV-infected liver transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to prospectively compare percutaneous (PLB) versus transjugular liver biopsy (TLB) in the assessment of liver damage. We also explored the diagnostic value of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) to identify patients at risk of severe HCV(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a form of acute-on-chronic liver failure for which current therapy is not fully effective. We investigated the hepatic expression of candidate genes in patients with AH to identify new targets for therapy. METHODS Hepatic expression of candidate genes (n = 46) was assessed by quantitative polymerase chain(More)
The importance of inflammation in initiating the sequence of events that lead to liver fibrosis is increasingly recognized. In this study, we tested the effects of SC-236, a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, in rats with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis. Livers from CCl4-treated rats showed increased COX-2 expression and(More)