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To determine the clinicopathologic significance of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) and review the literature on this condition, we conducted a MEDLINE search of English-language articles published between 1972 and December 2003. KFD has a worldwide distribution, and Asiatic people have a higher prevalence. Its pathogenesis remains controversial. Patients are(More)
UNLABELLED Portal hypertension, the most important complication in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, is a serious and life-threatening disease for which there are few therapeutic options. Because angiogenesis is a pathological hallmark of portal hypertension, the goal of this study was to determine the effects of sorafenib-a potent inhibitor of(More)
BACKGROUND Current therapies for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV co-infected patients have a low success rate and are poorly tolerated. We have evaluated the efficacy and safety of interferon alfa-2b (IFN) + ribavirin (RBV) versus pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG-INF) + RBV. METHODS Randomized, single-centre, open-label clinical trial including(More)
Helical computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used for staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prior to curative treatments but underestimate tumor extension in 30% to 50% of cases when compared with pathologic explants. This study compares a new technology, MRI angiography (MRA), with triphasic helical CT in detection of(More)
UNLABELLED Distinguishing drug-induced liver injury (DILI) from idiopathic autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) can be challenging. We performed a standardized histologic evaluation to explore potential hallmarks to differentiate AIH versus DILI. Biopsies from patients with clinically well-characterized DILI [n = 35, including 19 hepatocellular injury (HC) and 16(More)
Liver biopsy is essential in the follow-up of HCV-infected liver transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to prospectively compare percutaneous (PLB) versus transjugular liver biopsy (TLB) in the assessment of liver damage. We also explored the diagnostic value of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) to identify patients at risk of severe HCV(More)
OBJECTIVES Prognostic stratification of patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH) may improve the clinical management and facilitate clinical trials. We aimed at developing a scoring system capable of providing prognostic stratification of patients with AH. METHODS Patients with biopsy-proven AH were prospectively included between 2000 and 2006. The(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Our aim was to evaluate a serologic marker (ELF) and two ultrasound-based methods (FibroScan and ARFI), as well as their combinations, in the assessment of liver fibrosis. METHODS One-hundred and forty-six patients (87 liver transplant recipients, 59 non-transplant patients) who underwent liver biopsy were prospectively included. We(More)
The "D drug" HIV reverse-transcriptase inhibitors zalcitabine, didanosine, and stavudine are relatively strong inhibitors of polymerase-gamma compared with the "non-D drugs" zidovudine, lamivudine, and abacavir. D drugs deplete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in cultured hepatocytes. This mtDNA depletion is associated with an increased in vitro production of(More)
UNLABELLED The actual risk factors that drive hepatic inflammation during the transition from steatosis to steatohepatitis are unknown. We recently demonstrated that hyperlipidemia-prone apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice exhibit hepatic steatosis and increased susceptibility to hepatic inflammation and advanced fibrosis. Because the(More)