Rosa Maria Señarís

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AIM/HYPOTHESIS Perinatal overfeeding predisposes humans and rats to obesity and diabetes in later life. One classical model for studying the effect of early feeding is manipulation of the size of rat litters. Rats growing up in small litters gain more weight than rats growing up in normal-sized litters. Interestingly, these obese rats maintain this(More)
Recently, it has been described the role of fatty acid ethanolamides in the control of feeding behavior. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a member of this family of lipid mediators regulating feeding. OEA acts suppressing feeding behavior through, at least partially, a peripheral mechanism. However, the interaction between this acylethanolamide and other(More)
We examined the effects of orexin A on the mRNA levels of neuropeptide Y, agouti-related peptide, melanin-concentrating hormone, prepro-orexin and orexin receptors in the rat hypothalamus. Adult male rats were treated centrally (i.c.v.) with a single dose of orexin A (3 nmol). After 2, 6 and 12 h, neuropeptide Y, agouti-related peptide,(More)
Pregnancy and lactation provide excellent models of physiological hyperphagia and hyperprolactinemia. To identify possible factors associated with the increased feeding in these situations, we measured hypothalamic mRNA levels of three orexigenic neuropeptides--NPY, MCH, and orexins--in nonpregnant, pregnant, and lactating rats by in situ hybridization. NPY(More)
Recent evidence has demonstrated that circulating long chain fatty acids act as nutrient abundance signals in the hypothalamus. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid synthase (FAS) results in profound decrease in food intake and body weight in rodents. These anorectic actions are mediated by the modulation of hypothalamic neuropeptide systems,(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of leptin treatment on prepro-orexin and orexin receptor expression in the rat hypothalamus. Adult male rats, food-deprived for 48 and 72 h, were treated one time with vehicle or leptin (10 microg, icv). Prepro-orexin mRNA content was measured by semiquantitative RT-PCR, Northern blot, and in situ(More)
Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor, acts at central level to elicit GH release and regulate food intake. To elucidate the neural circuit that exerts its effects, we measured the expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides involved in weight regulation and GH secretion after ghrelin administration. Adult male rats, fed or fasted for(More)
The orexins or hypocretins are two neuropeptides involved in the regulation of diverse biological processes such as feeding, sleep and neuroendocrine function. Recent findings suggest a possible functional interaction between orexins, somatostatin and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) in the rat hypothalamus. In order to understand the possible(More)
Two recently discovered hypothalamic peptides, orexin-A and orexin-B, play a role as mediators in the central mechanisms that regulate feeding behavior and sleep control. These peptides bind and activate two orexins receptors that belong to the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily. Morphological studies have detected mRNA expression of orexin receptors(More)
In this study sequence-specific antisense oligonucleotide probes have been used to investigate the distribution of the mRNAs coding for the somatostatin receptor subtypes termed somatostatin receptor 1, somatostatin receptor 2 and somatostatin receptor 3 in the rat brain and pituitary using in situ hybridization techniques. The three receptor subtype mRNAs(More)