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Recently, it has been described the role of fatty acid ethanolamides in the control of feeding behavior. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a member of this family of lipid mediators regulating feeding. OEA acts suppressing feeding behavior through, at least partially, a peripheral mechanism. However, the interaction between this acylethanolamide and other(More)
We examined the effects of orexin A on the mRNA levels of neuropeptide Y, agouti-related peptide, melanin-concentrating hormone, prepro-orexin and orexin receptors in the rat hypothalamus. Adult male rats were treated centrally (i.c.v.) with a single dose of orexin A (3 nmol). After 2, 6 and 12 h, neuropeptide Y, agouti-related peptide,(More)
Pregnancy and lactation provide excellent models of physiological hyperphagia and hyperprolactinemia. To identify possible factors associated with the increased feeding in these situations, we measured hypothalamic mRNA levels of three orexigenic neuropeptides--NPY, MCH, and orexins--in nonpregnant, pregnant, and lactating rats by in situ hybridization. NPY(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of leptin treatment on prepro-orexin and orexin receptor expression in the rat hypothalamus. Adult male rats, food-deprived for 48 and 72 h, were treated one time with vehicle or leptin (10 microg, icv). Prepro-orexin mRNA content was measured by semiquantitative RT-PCR, Northern blot, and in situ(More)
Gram-negative bacterial infections are accompanied by inflammation and somatic or visceral pain. These symptoms are generally attributed to sensitization of nociceptors by inflammatory mediators released by immune cells. Nociceptor sensitization during inflammation occurs through activation of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signalling pathway by(More)
Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor, acts at central level to elicit GH release and regulate food intake. To elucidate the neural circuit that exerts its effects, we measured the expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides involved in weight regulation and GH secretion after ghrelin administration. Adult male rats, fed or fasted for(More)
Background/aims: Orexins (OXs) are a newly described family of hypothalamic neuropeptides. Based on the distribution of OX neurons and their receptors in the brain, it has been postulated that they could play a role in the regulation of neuroendocrine function. GH secretion is markedly influenced by nutritional status and body weight. To investigate the(More)
The orexins or hypocretins are two neuropeptides involved in the regulation of diverse biological processes such as feeding, sleep and neuroendocrine function. Recent findings suggest a possible functional interaction between orexins, somatostatin and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) in the rat hypothalamus. In order to understand the possible(More)
AIM/HYPOTHESIS Perinatal overfeeding predisposes humans and rats to obesity and diabetes in later life. One classical model for studying the effect of early feeding is manipulation of the size of rat litters. Rats growing up in small litters gain more weight than rats growing up in normal-sized litters. Interestingly, these obese rats maintain this(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that interferon-β (IFN-β) can modify the complex immunopathogenic scenario causing clinical relapse activity and disease progression in MS. However, the beneficial effects of IFN-β in MS patients may also depend on non-immune mechanisms, including the modulation of astrocyte function. In the present report, we have shown(More)