Rosa Maria Señarís

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Pregnancy and lactation provide excellent models of physiological hyperphagia and hyperprolactinemia. To identify possible factors associated with the increased feeding in these situations, we measured hypothalamic mRNA levels of three orexigenic neuropeptides--NPY, MCH, and orexins--in nonpregnant, pregnant, and lactating rats by in situ hybridization. NPY(More)
The purpose of this work was to study the central mechanisms involved in food intake regulation and leptin resistance during gestation in the rat. Sprague Dawley rats of 7, 13, and 18 d of pregnancy [days of gestation (G) 7, G13, and G18] were used and compared with nonpregnant animals in diestrus-1. Food intake was already increased in G7, before(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of leptin treatment on prepro-orexin and orexin receptor expression in the rat hypothalamus. Adult male rats, food-deprived for 48 and 72 h, were treated one time with vehicle or leptin (10 microg, icv). Prepro-orexin mRNA content was measured by semiquantitative RT-PCR, Northern blot, and in situ(More)
Gram-negative bacterial infections are accompanied by inflammation and somatic or visceral pain. These symptoms are generally attributed to sensitization of nociceptors by inflammatory mediators released by immune cells. Nociceptor sensitization during inflammation occurs through activation of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signalling pathway by(More)
Serum leptin levels were significantly increased during rat gestation. Our data showed that leptin mRNA levels in both the adipose tissue and placenta were higher as pregnancy progressed, suggesting a role for both tissues in the hyperproduction of leptin. This paradoxical increase in leptin concentration during gestation suggests that a physiological state(More)
Orexins are hypothalamic neuropeptides primarily involved in the regulation of food intake and arousal states. In addition, a role for orexins as central neuroendocrine modulators of reproductive function has recently emerged. Prepro-orexin and orexin type-1 receptor mRNAs have been detected in the rat testis. This raises the possibility of additional(More)
In this study sequence-specific antisense oligonucleotide probes have been used to investigate the distribution of the mRNAs coding for the somatostatin receptor subtypes termed somatostatin receptor 1, somatostatin receptor 2 and somatostatin receptor 3 in the rat brain and pituitary using in situ hybridization techniques. The three receptor subtype mRNAs(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of perinatal programming and overfeeding on the hypothalamic control mechanisms of food intake in adult rats. DESIGN Neonatal programming effects on body weight, food intake, central and peripheral leptin levels, hypothalamic neuropeptides, leptin receptors and central leptin responsiveness in adult rats. MEASUREMENTS(More)
Orexins-A and -B are hypothalamic peptides derived from a precursor called prepro-orexin and relationated with the stimulation of food intake. They act on G protein receptors named orexin receptor 1 (OX(1)R) and orexin receptor 2 (OX(2)R), respectively. In the present study, we used RT-PCR and immunohistochemical techniques to detect the presence of OX(1)R(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Orexins (OXs) are a newly described family of hypothalamic neuropeptides. Based on the distribution of OX neurons and their receptors in the brain, it has been postulated that they could play a role in the regulation of neuroendocrine function. GH secretion is markedly influenced by nutritional status and body weight. To investigate the role(More)