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OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and electrical stimulation (ES) on bone loss in spinal cord-injured rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-seven male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: standard control group (CG); spinal cord-injured control (SC); spinal cord-injured treated with laser (SCL; GaAlAs, 830(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has recently been reported as a useful alternative immunosuppressive drug in autoimmune diseases including in Takayasu arteritis (TA). The aim of this study was to verify the efficacy and tolerability of MMF administration in controlling TA disease activity and allowing glucocorticosteroid reduction. Ten consecutive active TA(More)
UNLABELLED Creatine supplementation improves glucose tolerance in healthy subjects. PURPOSES The aim was to investigate whether creatine supplementation has a beneficial effect on glycemic control of type 2 diabetic patients undergoing exercise training. METHODS A 12-wk randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed. The patients were(More)
Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy, characterized by muscle weakness without pain, fatigue and atrophy, is an adverse effect of glucocorticoid use and is the most common type of drug-induced myopathy. This muscle disturbance has a frequency of 60%, and it has been most often associated with fluorinated glucocorticoid preparations. Glucocorticoids have a direct(More)
Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a combination of various cardiovascular risk factors (age, gender, smoking, hypertension and dyslipidemia) that imply additional cardiovascular morbidity that is greater than the sum of the risks associated with each individual component. Herein, the authors review the rheumatological diseases in which metabolic(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of beta-alanine supplementation on exercise capacity and the muscle carnosine content in elderly subjects. Eighteen healthy elderly subjects (60–80 years, 10 female and 4 male) were randomly assigned to receive either beta-alanine (BA, n = 12) or placebo (PL, n = 6) for 12 weeks. The BA group received 3.2(More)
Glucocorticoids decrease the replication of cells of the osteoblastic lineage and the function of the osteoblast. However, under certain conditions, they enhance the differentiation of osteoblastic cells, an effect that appears contradictory to their inhibitory actions on cell function. In this study we examine the effects of cortisol on the proliferation,(More)
OBJECTIVE Vertebral fractures are associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Since 70% of vertebral fractures are clinically silent, a radiologic image of the spine has to be acquired for the diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA) by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) with radiographs to(More)
OBJECTIVE There are no data about the main factors associated with metabolic syndrome in young premenopausal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of metabolic syndrome and disease- or therapy-related factors in premenopausal young SLE patients. METHODS A total of 103 premenopausal SLE patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of vitamin D levels with clinical parameters, bone mineral density (BMD), quality of life (QoL) and nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) in patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS Thirty-eight female patients with diffuse SSc were analyzed regarding 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) serum(More)