Rosa Maria Di Giorgio

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Inducible nitric oxide synthase knock-out (iNOS(-/-)) mice are valid models of investigation for the role of iNOS in patho-physiological conditions. There are no available data concerning neuroactive amino acid levels of iNOS(-/-) mice and their behaviour in response to pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). We found no significant differences in the convulsive dose 50(More)
Interleukin-6-deficient (IL-6(-/-)) mice and their normal littermate (WT) were studied to evaluate their susceptibility to seizures induced by electroshock and audiogenic stimuli at different ages. No significant changes in maximal electroshock susceptibility were evidenced between the two strains, while audiogenic seizures (AGS) can be induced only in(More)
OBJECTIVES An increased expression of adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT1), found in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), is known to lead to a decrease in nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) DNA binding and to sensitize muscle cells to oxidative stress and apoptosis. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) mediated by NF-kappaB(More)
Genetic animal models have contributed significantly to our understanding of epilepsy causes. Lethargic mice are considered a valid model of absence epilepsy, which have been shown to possess behavioral, electrographic and pharmacological profiles similar to those of humans with absence epilepsies. Single gene mutations that comprise the beta4 subunit of(More)
OBJECTIVES Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM), including dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis (PM), sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) and focal myositis (FM) are a heterogeneous group of autoimmune disorders of skeletal muscle. An increased transglutaminase 2 (TG2) expression has been found in DM, PM and s-IBM. The aim of our study was to(More)
Telomere shortening is thought to contribute to premature senescence of satellite cells in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) muscle. Telomeric repeat binding factor-1 (TRF1) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) are proteins known to modulate telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) activity, which controls telomere elongation. Here we show that an(More)
The effects of subcutaneous daily treatment with thyroxine on cell proliferation, differentiation, polyamines, and gamma-aminobutyric acid metabolism in the rat retina were studied during the first 20 postnatal days. The retinal layers of the treated rats displayed an enhanced cell differentiation which reached its maximum 9-12 days from birth; but this(More)
The effects of taurine supplementation on GABA-related amino acid homeostasis in developing nervous tissues of suckling rats were studied. In the first two weeks of postnatal growth, cerebral cortex and cerebellum appear more accessible to taurine supplementation in comparison to retina; in addition, different changes in excitatory/inhibitory amino acids(More)
Effects of intraventricularly injected spermine on behavior and electrocortical activity and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism after a single dose of 1.13 mumol/animal were studied. Decrease in locomotor activity, sedation or sleep, and electrocortical synchronization that lasted approximately 2 h were observed. In addition spermine caused a(More)