Rosa Maria Di Giorgio

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In this study, plasma and platelet taurine content and fluxes were determined in 38 type 2 diabetic patients and in 26 healthy control subjects. Taurine levels in diabetic patients were significantly lower than in control subjects both in plasma (32.1 v 48.6 micromol/L, P = .000) and platelets (148 v 183 nmol/mg protein, P = .043). Platelet taurine uptake(More)
Telomere shortening is thought to contribute to premature senescence of satellite cells in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) muscle. Telomeric repeat binding factor-1 (TRF1) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) are proteins known to modulate telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) activity, which controls telomere elongation. Here we show that an(More)
The effects of subcutaneous daily treatment with thyroxine on cell proliferation, differentiation, polyamines, and gamma-aminobutyric acid metabolism in the rat retina were studied during the first 20 postnatal days. The retinal layers of the treated rats displayed an enhanced cell differentiation which reached its maximum 9-12 days from birth; but this(More)
COMT activity is present in many animal tissues, but there is no evidence on the presence or the functional role of COMT activity in platelets. The present work reports the results obtained on COMT activity in the individual platelet populations separated by a discontinuous sucrose density gradient. In the young platelet populations the activity is(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase knock-out (iNOS(-/-)) mice are valid models of investigation for the role of iNOS in patho-physiological conditions. There are no available data concerning neuroactive amino acid levels of iNOS(-/-) mice and their behaviour in response to pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). We found no significant differences in the convulsive dose 50(More)
Repeated but not single injections of estradiol benzoate significantly reduced nigral glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD, EC 4.1.1.15). A single injection of the catecholestrogen 2-hydroxyestradiol produced similar results. Tolerance developed to the latter effect, as reflected by the lack of nigral GAD activity changes in rats repeatedly injected with(More)
OBJECTIVES An increased expression of adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT1), found in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), is known to lead to a decrease in nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) DNA binding and to sensitize muscle cells to oxidative stress and apoptosis. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) mediated by NF-kappaB(More)
L-Arginine is an essential amino acid for infants and growing children, as well as for pregnant women. This amino acid is a substrate for at least 5 enzymes identified in mammals, including arginase, arginine-glycine transaminase, kyotorphine synthase, nitric oxide synthase, and arginine decarboxylase. L-arginine is essential for the synthesis of creatine,(More)