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D-004, a lipid extract of Roystonea regia fruits, has been shown to reduce Testosterone, but not dihydrotestosterone-induced prostate hyperplasia in rodents. Inhibition of prostate 5?-reductase seems to explain these effects of D-004. Finasteride, an inhibitor of 5?-reductase used to treat benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), has been shown to produce(More)
Various protocols may be used for acute pancreatitis treatment. Recently, the benefit of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been demonstrated. To clarify the mechanism of HBO on the process of the acute pancreatitis, we determined the levels of antioxidant enzymes in an acute pancreatitis model. Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three(More)
D-002, a mixture of higher aliphatic beeswax alcohols, produces gastroprotective and antioxidant effects. To investigate the gastroprotective effect of D-002 against indomethacin-induced ulcers, oxidative variables and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in the rat gastric mucosa were examined. Rats were randomized into six groups: a negative vehicle control and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs relieve osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms but cause adverse effects. D-002, a mixture of beeswax alcohols, is effective against experimental OA. A pilot study found that D-002 (50 mg/day) for 8 weeks improves OA symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of D-002 (50 to 100 mg/day)(More)
Both policosanol and D-003 are mixtures of higher aliphatic alcohols and acids, respectively, purified from sugarcane wax, whose main components are octacosanol and octacosanoic acid (an active metabolite of octacosanol), respectively. Both substances share some, not all, pharmacological effects, like cholesterol-lowering, antiplatelet and antioxidant(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is intimately related to insulin resistance and ranges from a benign course to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. NAFLD management mainly involves dietary modification and weight loss. Although no fully successful pharmacological intervention is available, alternative therapies to treat NAFLD have shown(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Increased osteoclast activity is a pivotal finding in osteoporosis. This increase is mediated via the mevalonate-to-cholesterol pathway, which is involved in producing the intermediates required for osteoclast activity. D-003, a mixture of high molecular weight sugarcane wax acids, has been shown to inhibit cholesterol synthesis prior to(More)
Quality of data used to calculate reproductive and perinatal health indicators in native and migrant populations Keywords: Sexual and reproductive health Perinatal health Low birthweight Preterm birth Immigrants A B S T R A C T Objective: To assess the quality of data on births in the Natural Population Movement (NPM) and congenital metabolic disorders(More)
Stroke is the third cause of death and the first of permanent adult disability. Pretreatment with policosanol and atorvastatin has been effective in experimental models of cerebral ischaemia in rodents. The objective was to compare the therapeutic effects of policosanol and atorvastatin in a model of global cerebral ischaemia in gerbils. Gerbils were(More)
D-003, a mixture of high molecular weight acids, inhibits cholesterol synthesis prior to mevalonate and prevents osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy in rats, and both osteoporosis and osteonecrosis induced by corticoids in rats. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of D-003 on lipopolysaccharides-induced osteonecrosis in rabbits. Animals were(More)