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BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of GnRH analogues on the in-vitro eutopic endometrial cell apoptosis and release of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). METHODS Biopsy specimens of eutopic endometrium obtained from 16 women with untreated endometriosis and 14 controls were studied.(More)
BACKGROUND Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of the GnRH agonist (GnRHa), leuprolide acetate (LA), and the GnRH antagonist (GnRHant), Antide, on apoptosis and expression of apoptosis-related proteins in endometrial epithelial cell (EEC) cultures from patients with endometriosis and controls (infertile women without endometriosis). METHODS Biopsy(More)
In the present work, we studied the possible effect of steroid hormones, estradiol, progesterone, and 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, on different phenotypic and functional characteristics of peritoneal adherent mononuclear cells. We used female and male mice of Balb/c strain, normal, gonadectomized, and gonadectomized with hormonal replacement. We found that(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of endometriosis on fertility and the levels of the IL-2 and IFN-γ in the peritoneal fluid in a mouse model; to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on endometriotic lesion growth, apoptosis and cell proliferation. STUDY DESIGN Two month old C57BL/6 female mice underwent either a surgical procedure to induce endometriosis or(More)
BACKGROUND The development and long-term survival of endometriotic lesions is crucially dependent on an adequate vascularization. Hyaluronic acid (HA) through its receptor CD44 has been described to be involved in the process of angiogenesis. OBJECTIVE To study the effect of HA synthesis inhibition using non-toxic doses of 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) on(More)
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